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Whole Grain Benefits

Guidelines, Foods List, and More



A colostomy is a common surgical procedure that healthcare professionals perform when you’re unable to pass stools due to conditions like cancer, Crohn’s disease, or diverticulitis (1).

It involves bringing one end of the large intestine out through a stoma, which is an opening in the wall of the stomach (2).

A pouch may also be attached to the side of the body, which is used to collect and dispose of fecal matter from the digestive tract.

After a colostomy, you may need to make some short-term modifications to your diet, especially during the first few weeks following your surgery.

This article takes a closer look at the colostomy diet, including what it is, how to follow it, and which foods you should eat and avoid.

A colostomy diet is a short-term diet you follow during the days and weeks after colostomy surgery.

Immediately after your surgery, you may need to follow a clear liquid diet for several days. This consists of broth, water, and plain gelatin (3).

Next, you will likely be able to transition to a low residue, high protein diet, which is usually required the first few weeks after surgery as you recover (4).

A low residue diet leaves minimal material in your gut after nutrient absorption.

The low residue, high protein diet typically consists of bland foods that are easy to digest to help prevent gastrointestinal symptoms.

It may also involve limiting your intake of foods high in fiber, since these foods can increase the size of stool and could temporarily block your bowel (5).

Keep in mind that this diet is usually only needed for the first few weeks after surgery as you recover.

Eventually, you will be able to resume your typical diet by slowly reintroducing foods, under the supervision of your doctor or dietitian.


A colostomy diet usually consists of bland, low fiber foods and foods rich in protein. It’s recommended to prevent digestive issues and support wound healing the first few weeks after your colostomy surgery.

For the first few weeks after your surgery, your healthcare professional will likely advise you to stick to foods that are low in fiber and easy to digest.

Refined grains, like white bread or white rice, and low fiber fruits and vegetables are a few examples of foods that are usually recommended on a colostomy diet (4).

It’s also important to eat foods high in protein, like lean meats, eggs, low fat dairy, and nut butters. These can help support wound healing (6).

Be sure to primarily refer to the diet given to you by your doctor or nutritionist, but here are some specific foods you can generally include in a colostomy diet:

  • Cooked, peeled, and seedless vegetables: Potatoes, zucchini, tomatoes, lettuce
  • Peeled and seedless fruits: ripe bananas, honeydew, cantaloupe, seedless watermelon
  • Canned fruits: apricots, peaches, pears
  • Lean proteins: eggs, tofu, skinless poultry, fish
  • Smooth nut butters: peanut butter, almond butter, cashew butter, walnut butter
  • Refined grains: white bread, crackers, white pasta, white rice
  • Low-fat dairy: skim milk, nonfat yogurt, cheese
  • Beverages: water, pulp-free fruit or vegetable juice, broth, sports drinks, decaf tea or coffee

Keep in mind that certain foods, like dairy products, could cause digestive issues, such as diarrhea, for some people — especially for those who have lactose intolerance (7).

If you experience any digestive symptoms after eating any of the foods listed above, be sure to limit your intake.


For the first few weeks after a colostomy, you should eat mostly foods that are low in fiber and easy to digest, including lean proteins, refined grains, smooth nut butters, and certain types of fruits and vegetables.

After your surgery, it’s important to limit foods that are difficult to digest. This will help prevent issues, like diarrhea or constipation (4).

This includes foods high in fat or fiber, spicy foods, and carbonated beverages, like soda or sparkling water.

Refer primarily to the diet prescribed by your dietician or doctor. Here are some foods that you may need to limit in the first few weeks after surgery:

  • Raw vegetables: Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, artichokes
  • Raw fruits with skin: apples, grapes, strawberries, plums, pears
  • Legumes: lentils, beans, chickpeas
  • Whole grains: buckwheat, barley, rye, quinoa, brown rice
  • nuts: Almonds, walnuts, pistachios, cashews, macadamia nuts
  • Seeds: Chia seeds, flax seeds, hemp seeds
  • High fat dairy: Whole milk, full fat yogurt, butter, ice cream
  • Spicy foods: Jalapeños, curries, hot sauce, hot peppers
  • Fried foods: Chicken wings, bacon, fried fish, mozzarella sticks, donuts
  • Carbonated beverages: soft drinks, seltzer water, club soda, sparkling water


After a colostomy, it’s best to limit your intake of foods that are high in fiber or difficult to digest, including raw fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, carbonated beverages, and spicy or high fat foods.

Following a low residue diet can help minimize any digestive issues you may experience after surgery, such as gas, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea (8).

It can also prevent serious side effects, such as stoma blockage, which can cause issues, like stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and changes in bowel movements (9).

Furthermore, it emphasizes lean proteins, like skinless poultry, eggs, and tofu.

Not only are these foods highly nutritious, but they’re also rich in protein, which plays a key role in wound healing (6).

Additionally, most dietary changes are only required temporarily, and you can slowly reintroduce foods back into your diet over time.

Many people also find they’re able to form a better relationship with food and have more freedom to eat the foods they enjoy after their colostomy.


Following a colostomy diet after surgery can help prevent negative digestive issues and support wound healing.

Constipation is a common issue people experience after surgery, usually caused by decreased fiber intake.

Drinking plenty of water and using stool softeners if needed can help ease constipation and promote regularity (10).

According to some research, probiotics may also be beneficial for digestive issues, such as constipation. However, you should talk to your doctor before using any supplements or taking medication (11).

Some people also report experiencing increased gas or an unpleasant odor from their pouch after undergoing a colostomy.

Limiting foods that are difficult to digest, such as cruciferous vegetables and beans, can help reduce odors in many cases. It may also help to avoid foods with stronger scents, like fish, garlic, and eggs (12).

Other factors that could contribute to gas include eating too quickly, drinking with a straw, and chewing gum (13).

If the issue persists, be sure to talk with your doctor to see if you can take an over-the-counter medication that will provide relief.

Deodorant tablets are also available, which you can use to help minimize odors from the colostomy bag.


Constipation and gas are two side effects that people may experience after a colostomy. Certain medications and dietary modifications may help alleviate symptoms.

In addition to limiting foods that are difficult to digest and increasing your intake of lean protein, there are several other guidelines you should follow after colostomy surgery.

Here are a few tips to keep in mind (4):

  • Eat slowly, and chew foods thoroughly.
  • Consider eating small meals throughout the day instead of three large meals.
  • Drink plenty of water during the day to stay hydrated. As a general rule, aim for six to eight 8-ounce (237-mL) glasses of water per day.
  • Once your doctor gives you the go-ahead, reintroduce foods back into your diet slowly, one at a time.

Following these guidelines can prevent digestive issues and ease your transition back to your typical diet.


Drinking plenty of water, chewing foods thoroughly, and eating smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day can be beneficial after a colostomy.

Though a colostomy doesn’t alter your body’s ability to digest food, limiting your intake of certain foods after your surgery may help your body recover.

Eating more foods high in protein — including lean proteins, like skinless poultry, eggs, and tofu — can also promote wound healing while you recover.

Following these guidelines can prevent digestive issues until you’re ready to begin reintroducing other foods.

Whole Grain Benefits

For the 55-and-over crowd, March 27-April 3, 2022 | Local News



For information about services available to older adults, contact Pam Jacobsen, director of the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program and Helen Mary Stevick Senior Citizens Center, 2102 Windsor Place, C, at 217-359-6500.

RSVP and the Stevick Center are administered by Family Service of Champaign County.


  • Active Senior Republicans in Champaign County’s monthly meeting will be held at 9:30 am on April 4 in the Robeson Pavilion Room A & B at the Champaign Public Library. This month’s speakers will be Jesse Reising, Regan Deering and Matt Hausman, Republican primary candidates for the newly redrawn 13th Congressional District.
  • Parkland Theater House needs four ushers each night for “The SpongeBob Musical,” opening April 14. There will be nine shows in total — April 14-16, April 22-24 and April 29-May 1. For details, call or email Michael Atherton, Parkland Theater House Manager, or 217-373-3874.
  • Parkland College also needs four volunteers for commencement. The commencement ceremony will be in person at Krannert Center for the Performing Arts at 8 pm May 12. Volunteers needed from 6:30 to 8 pm For details, contact Tracy Kleparski, Director of Student Life, at or 217- 351-2206.
  • The Milford High School National Honor Society and Student Council is hosting a Senior Citizens Banquet at 6 pm April 22. The event will be held in the MAPS #124 Gymnasium (park at south doors at Milford High School. To RSVP, call Sandy Potter at 815-471-4213.


Knit or crochet for those in need:

Meditative Movement with Yoga:

  • 9 to 10:15 am Tuesdays and Thursdays.


  • 11 am to noon, second and fourth Tuesdays. Call 217-359-6500.


  • Noon to 3 pm Thursdays.


Card game 13:

  • To sign up to play, call 217-359-6500 and ask for Debbie.

Men’s group:

  • 9 am Monday-Friday. Join us for a cup of coffee and great conversation.


The Peace Meal Nutrition Program provides daily hot lunches at 11:30 am for a small donation and a one-day advance reservation at sites in Champaign, Urbana, Rantoul, Sidney (home delivery only), Mahomet (home delivery only) and Homer.

For reservations, call 800-543-1770. Reservations for Monday need to be made by noon Friday.

NOTE: There is no change for home deliveries, but at congregate sites, you can get a carry-out meal.


  • BBQ pork sandwich, mini potato bakers, corn, creamy cole slaw, bun.


  • Turkey pot roast with carrots and celery, Italian green beans, pineapple, whole grain roll.


  • Savory sausage stew, broccoli, chunky apple sauce, biscuit, surprise dessert.


  • Meatloaf, mashed potatoes and brown gravy, tomatoes and zucchini, apricots, whole-grain roll.


  • Chef’s choice — regional favorites will be served.


If you are 55 and older and want to volunteer in your community, RSVP (funded by AmeriCorps Seniors and the Illinois Department on Aging) provides a unique link to local nonprofits needing help. We offer support, benefits and a safe connection to partner sites.

Contact Pam Jacobsen at or 217-359-6500.


Senior Volunteers.

  • RSVP of Champaign, Douglas and Piatt counties/AmeriCorps Senior Volunteers is your link to over 100 nonprofit organizations. Please contact Pam Jacobsen at or call 217-359-6500 for volunteer information.

Food for seniors. Handlers needed to unload boxes of food for repackaging at 7 am on the second and fourth Tuesdays of the month. We are looking for backup delivery drivers to deliver food to seniors. Contact Robbie Edwards at 217-359-6500 for info.

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Whole Grain Benefits

The future of nutrition advice



By Lisa Drayer, CNN

(CNN) — Most of us know we should eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

So why would the National Institutes of Health spend $150 million to answer questions such as “What and when should we eat?” and “How can we improve the use of food as medicine?”

The answer may be precision nutrition, which aims to understand the health effects of the complex interplay among genetics, our microbiome (the bacteria living in our gut), our diet and level of physical activity, and other social and behavioral characteristics.

That means that everyone could have their own unique set of nutritional requirements.

How is that possible? I asked three experts who conduct precision nutrition research: Dr. Frank Hu, professor of nutrition and epidemiology and chair of the Department of Nutrition at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, and Martha Field and Angela Poole, both assistant professors in the division of nutritional sciences at Cornell University’s College of Human Ecology.

Below is an edited version of our conversation.

CNN: How is precision nutrition different from current nutrition advice?

dr Frank Hu: The idea of ​​precision nutrition is to have the right food, at the right amount, for the right person. Instead of providing general dietary recommendations for everyone, this precision approach tailors nutrition recommendations to individual characteristics, including one’s genetic background, microbiome, social and environmental factors, and more. This can help achieve better health outcomes.

CNN: Why is there no one-size-fits-all prescription when it comes to what we should be eating?

Huh: Not everyone responds to the same diet in the same way. For example, given the same weight-loss diet, some people can lose a lot of weight; other people may gain weight. A recent study in JAMA randomized a few hundred overweight individuals to a healthy low-carb or low-fat diet. After a year, there was almost an identical amount of weight loss for the two groups, but there was a huge variation between individuals within each group — some lost 20 pounds. Others gained 10 pounds.

Martha Field: Individuals have unique responses to diet, and the “fine adjust” of precision nutrition is understanding those responses. This means understanding interactions among genetics, individual differences in metabolism, and responses to exercise.

CNN: How do we eat based on precision nutrition principles now?

Huh: There are some examples of personalized diets for disease management, like a gluten-free diet for the management of celiac disease, or a lactose-free diet if you are lactose intolerant. For individuals with a condition known as PKU (phenylketonuria), they should consume (a) phenylalanine-free diet. It’s a rare condition but a classic example of how your genes can influence what type of diets you should consume.

Angela Poole: If I had a family history of high cholesterol, diabetes or colon cancer, I would increase my dietary fiber intake, eating a lot of different sources, including a variety of vegetables.

fields: If you have high blood pressure, you should be more conscious of sodium intake. Anyone with a malabsorption issue might have a need for higher levels of micronutrients such as B vitamins and some minerals.

CNN: There is research showing that people metabolize coffee differently. What are the implications here?

Huh: Some people carry fast caffeine-metabolizing genes; others carry slow genes. If you carry fast (metabolizing) genotypes, you can drink a lot of caffeinated coffee because caffeine is broken down quickly. If you are a slow metabolizer, you get jittery and may not be able to sleep if you drink coffee in the afternoon. If that’s the case, you can drink decaf coffee and still get the benefits of coffee’s polyphenols, which are associated with decreased risk of heart disease and diabetes without the effects of caffeine.

CNN: How much of a role do our individual genes play in our risk of disease? And can our behavior mitigate our disease risk?

Huh: Our health is affected by both genes and diets, which constantly interact with each other because certain dietary factors can turn on or off some disease-related genes. We published research showing that reducing consumption of sugary beverages can offset the negative effects of obesity genes. That’s really good news. Our genes are not our destiny.

Another area of ​​precision nutrition is to measure blood or urine metabolites, small molecules produced during the breakdown and ingestion of food. For example, having a higher concentration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) strongly predicts one’s future risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The blood levels of BCAAs depend on individuals’ diet, genes and gut microbiome. We found that eating a healthy (Mediterranean-style) diet can mitigate harmful effects of BCAAs on cardiovascular disease. So measuring BCAAs in your blood may help to evaluate your risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease and encourage dietary changes that can lower the risk of chronic diseases down the road.

fields: The environmental effects can sometimes be on the same magnitude as the genetic effects with respect to risk for disease.

CNN: Our individual microbiomes may be able to dictate what type of diet we should be consuming. Can you tell us about this emerging research? And what do you think of microbiome tests?

Poole: Research has shown that in some people, their blood sugar will spike higher from eating bananas than from eating cookies, and this has been associated with microbiome composition. Scientists have used microbiome data to build algorithms that can predict an individual’s glucose response, and this is a major advance. But that’s not an excuse for me to shovel down cookies instead of bananas. Likewise, if the algorithm suggests eating white bread instead of whole-wheat bread due to blood glucose responses, I wouldn’t just eat white bread all the time.

At the moment, I’m not ready to spend a lot of money to see what’s in my gut microbiome… and the microbiome changes over time.

Huh: Microbiome tests are not cheap, and the promise that this test can help develop a personalized meal plan that can improve blood sugar and blood cholesterol … at this point, the data are not conclusive.

CNN: How will nutrition advice be different 10 years from now?

Poole: I think you will receive a custom-tailored grocery list on an app — foods that you want to buy and foods that you want to avoid, based on your blood sugar responses to foods, your level of physical activity and more.

Huh: We will have more and better biomarkers and more affordable and accurate nutrigenomics and microbiome tests as well as better computer algorithms that predict your response to food intakes.

But these technologies cannot substitute general nutrition principles such as limiting sodium and added sugar and eating more healthy plant foods. In a few years, you may be able to get a more useful response from Alexa if you ask her what you should eat — but like other answers from Alexa, you’ll have to take it with a grain of salt.

The CNN Wire
™ & © 2022 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.

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Whole Grain Benefits

Are Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwiches Healthy?



In order to assess its nutritional value, first we must discuss the breakdown of this sandwich.

Typically, there are three main ingredients — bread, peanut butter, and jelly — each with different nutritional values.

Nutritional value of bread

Bread can be a part of a balanced diet. The nutritional value of bread depends on the type chosen.

For starters, whole-grain bread is the best option because it provides a higher amount of nutrients. Whole grain kernels have three parts: the bran, endosperm, and germ (1).

Because whole grain bread retains all three parts, it’s higher in protein and fiber compared with other breads. These nutrients slow the absorption of sugar into your blood stream and keep you full longer (2, 3).

Whole grain bread is also richer in key nutrients, like B vitamins, iron, folate, and magnesium. Look for the word “whole” as part of the first ingredient in bread’s nutritional label (2).

Choosing sprouted grain bread, like Ezekiel bread, is also an excellent choice. The sprouting process increases digestibility and bioavailability of nutrients. Studies show sprouted bread has more fiber, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and beta-glucan (4).

Sourdough bread is fine, too. Although it’s not as high in fiber and protein, it has a lower glycemic index than white bread.

Glycemic index measures how quickly food increases blood sugars. In general, foods with a lower glycemic index better support your overall health.

But keep in mind that glycemic index doesn’t tell the whole story. We must look at the meal as a whole — for example, what we add to the bread. Nutrients, like protein and fats, can help lower the overall glycemic load of a meal, and serving sizes also play a role (5).

As a guideline, look for whole grain breads that offer at least 2 grams of fiber per slice. We also suggest using bread that contains 3 grams of protein or more per slice.

If that’s not available, sourdough bread may be your next best option.


Choose breads that are higher in fiber and protein, like whole grain bread or sprouted grain bread. These varieties help slow absorption of sugars and keep you full longer.

Nutritional value of peanut butter

Many people find peanut butter delicious.

Nutritionally, it also delivers. Peanut butter is a good source of protein and healthy fats, important for all stages of life, especially growing children. Plus, it’s a good source of fiber.

Two tablespoons (32 grams) of smooth peanut butter contain 7 grams of protein, 16 grams of fats, and 2 grams of fiber (6).

Importantly, the majority of fats in peanut butter are unsaturated fats. Research consistently indicates that replacing saturated fats found in animal products with more unsaturated fats (like those in peanut butter) may lower cholesterol and improve heart health (7, 8).

For growing kids, healthy fats are vital for healthy development. Plus, fats help absorb the vitamins A, D, E, and K, all of which play a synergistic role in supporting immune and brain health (9, 10).

Contrary to popular belief, conventional peanut butter doesn’t usually have more sugar than 100% natural peanut butter. However, it may have more salt (6).

When shopping, check the nutrition labels to ensure it doesn’t contain additional ingredients other than peanuts.

When enjoying natural peanut butter, the oil will separate from the peanut butter. Not to fret — just give it a good stir! This helps mix the oils with the solids.

Pro tip: You can store peanut butter upside down in the fridge to keep it from separating again!


When available, choose 100% natural peanut butter, as it’s lower in salt. Remember to stir the peanut butter before eating to mix the oils with the solids.

Nutritional value of jelly

The PB&J sandwich isn’t complete without jelly or jam. What’s the difference, anyway?

Well, while jellies and jams have similar nutritional value and taste, there’s a slight difference: Jellies are made with fruit juice, while jam is made with the fruit juice and pulp (7).

Both jellies and jams contain pectin (artificially added to jelly), which has prebiotic effects that may improve gut health (8).

However, both are naturally high in sugar, so enjoy them in moderation. To have more say in the ingredients used, you can try making your jelly at home.

If you’re buying from a store, look for jellies with no added sugar in the ingredients list. Alternative names for added sugars include glucose, sucrose, dextrose, and fructose.


Jellies are high in natural sugars and contain pectins that may have a beneficial effect in promoting good health. Try to choose jellies with no added sugars.

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