Connect with us

Whole Grains Health

Plant-based diet reduces your risk for heart diseases

Published

on

Eating nutritious, plant-based foods is heart-healthy at any age, new studies say.

In two separate studies that analyzed different measures of eating healthy plant-based foods, the researchers found that both young adults and postmenopausal women had fewer heart attacks and were less likely to develop cardiovascular disease when they consumed more healthy plant-based foods took.

The studies were recently published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, an open access journal of the American Heart Association.

The American Heart Association’s Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations suggest an overall healthy eating pattern that emphasizes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, skinless poultry and fish, nuts and legumes, and non-tropical vegetable oils. It also advises limiting consumption of saturated fat, trans fats, sodium, red meat, sweets, and sugary drinks.

A study titled “A Plant-Centered Diet and Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Disease during Young to Middle Adulthood” examined whether long-term consumption of a plant-centered diet and a shift to a plant-centered diet from young adulthood are associated with lower levels Risk of cardiovascular disease in mid-life.

“Previous research has focused on individual nutrients or individual foods, but there is little data on a plant-centered diet and long-term risk of cardiovascular disease,” said Yuni Choi, lead author of the young adult study and postdoctoral fellow in the division for Epidemiology and Community Health at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis.

Researchers found:

Individuals who landed in the top 20 percent on the long-term diet quality score (that is, they ate the most nutritious plant-based foods and less negatively-rated animal products) were 52 percent less likely to develop cardiovascular disease after several Factors (including age) were taken into account, gender, race, average calorie consumption, education, parent’s history of heart disease, smoking, and average physical activity).

In addition, the likelihood that between the 7th and 20th year of the study, when the participants were aged 25 to 50, were among those who improved their nutritional quality the most (the more useful plant foods and the less negatively rated animal foods Products), 61% less likely to develop the following cardiovascular disease, compared to participants whose nutritional quality deteriorated the most during this time.

Few of the participants were vegetarians, so the study failed to assess the potential benefits of a strict vegetarian diet that excludes all animal products, including meat, dairy products, and eggs. “A nutritious, plant-based diet is beneficial for cardiovascular health. A plant-based diet is not necessarily vegetarian,” Choi said. “People can choose from plant-based foods that are as natural as possible and not highly processed. We think that individuals from time to time eat in moderation with animal-based products such as non-fried poultry, non-fried fish, eggs and low-fat dairy products. “

Since this study is an observational study, it cannot demonstrate a cause-and-effect relationship between diet and heart disease.

In another study, titled “Relation between a Plant-Based Dietary Portfolio and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: Findings from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) Prospective Cohort Study,” researchers evaluated in collaboration with WHI researchers led by Simin Liu von from Brown University, whether or not diets that included a diet portfolio of plant-based foods with US Food and Drug Administration-approved health claims to lower “bad” cholesterol (known as “portfolio diets”), with less cardiovascular disease -Diseases to a large extent have been linked to group postmenopausal women.

The “portfolio diet” contains nuts; Vegetable protein from soy, beans or tofu; viscous soluble fiber from oats, barley, okra, eggplant, oranges, apples and berries; Plant sterols from fortified foods and monounsaturated fats found in olive and canola oils and avocados; along with a limited intake of saturated fats and cholesterol from food. Previously, two randomized studies showed that reaching high target levels in foods included in the portfolio diet resulted in significant reductions in “bad” cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), more than one traditional low-fat national cholesterol and education program diet in one study and on par with taking a cholesterol-lowering statin drug in another.

The researchers found:

Compared with women who followed the portfolio diet less frequently, those with the closest alignment were 11 percent less likely to develop some type of cardiovascular disease, 14 percent less likely to develop coronary artery disease, and 17 percent less likely to develop heart failure.

There was no association between strict adherence to the portfolio diet and the occurrence of stroke or atrial fibrillation.

“These results represent an important opportunity as there is still room for people to include more cholesterol-lowering plant foods in their diets. With even closer adherence to the portfolio’s nutritional pattern, one would expect an association with even fewer cardiovascular events, perhaps more than similar to cholesterol-lowering drugs. Still, an 11 percent reduction is clinically meaningful and would meet the minimum threshold for benefit. The results show that the portfolio diet offers heart health benefits, “said John Sievenpiper, lead author of the study at St Michael’s Hospital, a Unity Health Toronto location in Ontario, Canada, and an adjunct professor of nutrition and medicine at the university of Toronto.

The researchers believe the results highlight potential ways to lower heart disease by encouraging people to consume more foods in the portfolio diet.

“We also found dose-response in our study, which means you can start small by adding one component at a time to the portfolio diet and get more heart health benefits as you add more components,” said Andrea J Glenn, lead study author and graduate student at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto and in nutritional science at the University of Toronto.

Although the study was an observational study and could not establish a direct cause-and-effect relationship between diet and cardiovascular events, the researchers believe that due to their study design (including well-validated food frequency of questionnaires that were issued at baseline and in the third year in a large population of highly committed participants).

Still, the researchers report that these results need further investigation in wider populations of men or younger women.

Whole Grains Health

Harness the power of the body’s hormones for better health

Published

on

When a hormone is out of whack, you can feel like you’re stuck in the mud or strapped to a runaway horse. Just ask someone with untreated Graves’ or Hashimoto’s disease (these are high or low thyroid levels), hypogonadism (low testosterone or estrogen deficiency), or uncontrolled diabetes. Because hormones are the chemical messengers of your body and have a direct influence on your metabolism, energy level, hunger, cognition, sexual function / reproduction and mood.

There are around 50 hormones in your body and many more hormone-like substances (brain neurotransmitters like serotonin and active vitamin D2 for example). Your pituitary is the “master gland,” it tells other glands to secrete hormones. The other hormone-producing glands are the pineal and adrenal glands, as well as the thymus, thyroid and pancreas – men also produce hormones in their testicles (testosterone) and women in their ovaries (estrogen, progesterone and testosterone). Aside, about 25% of testosterone in women is produced in the ovaries, a quarter in the adrenal gland and half in the peripheral tissue.

It only takes a tiny amount of a few hormones to make big changes in every inch of your body. Therefore, if they are out of whack, it can cause you serious problems. In America, type 2 diabetes is the most common hormone-related disease. This happens when you become insulin resistant and this hormone, which is produced in the pancreas, can no longer regulate blood sugar levels, causing a cascade of health problems from atherosclerosis to neuropathy to kidney disease.

Here’s how you can calm your hormones – and restore your health:

Eat Smartly. The endocrine glands are happy when you eat healthy fats like olive oil, avocado, nuts, and seeds; high fiber foods like fruits and vegetables; lean animal protein such as salmon; and plant-based proteins like 100% whole grains and legumes / beans. This mix of nutrients lets your appetite regulating hormones leptin (I’m full) and ghrelin (I’m hungry) signal you accordingly so you don’t overeat. Overeating and obesity regulate many hormonal systems.

In addition, a healthy diet will nourish your thyroid hormones, which also help regulate weight. Perhaps most importantly, a healthy diet regulates the work of trillions of microbes in your gut biome that help regulate hormone production and produce hormone-like substances.

Cope with stress, sleep peacefully. Cortisol is a hormone released by the adrenal gland in response to stress. When chronically elevated, it can reduce the activity of your hypothalamus, which in turn can lead to imbalances in the messenger substances that affect sleep, eating, sexual activity, and cognition and mood. Then you can get tired and gain weight. Therefore, it is important to regularly exercise, meditate, take deep breaths, hang out with friends, volunteer to help others, and / or talk to a therapist. Healthy sleeping habits are also important for reducing stress and regulating hormones. Growth hormones, testosterone, cortisol and insulin are released during sleep. And studies show a link between chronic lack of sleep and depression and weight gain. For sleep hygiene information, visit DoctorOz.com.

Reduce Chronic Inflammation. Chronic inflammation occurs when your immune response is overstimulated to conditions that interfere with the peaceful functioning of your body. This can happen if you are overweight or obese, addicted to sugar and fast foods, smoke or drink too much, or are constantly under stress. These factors can trigger hormonal changes, such as insulin resistance, low testosterone and vitamin D levels, and increased cortisol, and they power your sympathetic nervous system, increasing your heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, and pupil size, and making your blood vessels narrow .

Plus: Eating healthy foods and managing stress and sleep will help reduce inflammation throughout your body and stabilize your hormones, but you can’t get real success if you’re sitting – 150 minutes or more of exercise per week is essential.

So make friends with your hormones and these powerful messengers will send you good news about your energy levels, sleep satisfaction, aging rate, and happiness.

Mehmet Oz, MD is hosting “The Dr. Oz Show,” and Mike Roizen, MD is the Cleveland Clinic’s Chief Wellness Officer Emeritus. For the healthiest way to live, tune in to The Dr. Oz Show or visit sharecare.com.

(c) 2021 Michael Roizen, MD

and Mehmet Oz, MD

King Features Syndicate

Continue Reading

Whole Grains Health

Types of Millets And How Beneficial it is in Losing Weight

Published

on

Weight Loss Tips: Millet is an essential part of the whole grain family like rice, oats or quinoa. It is originally grown in Asia thousands of years ago. It’s gluten-free, filled with protein, fiber, and antioxidants. Millet is not only famous in India but has also gained in value in western countries.Read also – Weight Loss in Real Life: I was 104 kg, a visit to my daughter’s school changed everything

Millet is high in protein. It contains five grams of protein and one gram of fiber. Both of these ingredients help keep the stomach fuller for longer and reduce the snack habit between meals. This helps in shedding those extra pounds without compromising on your diet. Also Read – Weight Loss: Is It Safe To Eat Only Liquid Food When Losing Weight? Expert speaks | Exclusive

What Are The Health Benefits Of Millet?

Millet is high in antioxidants that help flush harmful radicals out of the body. It contains antioxidant components like quercetin, curcumin, ellagic acid, and other beneficial catechins. These help in eliminating toxins and neutralizing enzymes. It prevents health problems. Also Read – 6 Possible Reasons For Unexpected Weight Gain Explains The Nutritionist

Not only is millet very nutritious, it also has a good amount of fiber stored in it. It helps with digestion and prevents constipation, gas and acidity. It helps avoid digestive problems and prevents gastrointestinal cancer and kidney / liver problems.

  • Reduction of cardiovascular risks

Millet is high in and essential fats that help provide the body with natural fats. It also helps in preventing fat from being stored in the body. Along with this, it lowers the risk of high cholesterol, paralysis, and other heart problems. It contains potassium, which helps to keep an eye on blood pressure and increases blood flow.

What are the different types of millet?

Ragi is known for its iron content. It helps in the production of hemoglobin in red blood cells. It is high in calcium and potassium. Due to the high proportion of fiber, it keeps the stomach fuller for a longer period of time.

Jowar is loaded with nutrients like vitamin B, magnesium, and antioxidants like flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. It helps boost metabolism and improves the quality of hair and skin. The presence of magnesium helps in strengthening bone and heart health.

Bajra is high in protein, fiber, magnesium, iron, and calcium. It’s low in calories and considered the best grain for shedding pounds. It keeps your stomach fuller for a long period of time without increasing your daily calorie count.

Amaranth is high in fiber, protein, magnesium, phosphorus, and iron. It helps improve brain function and prevents certain neurological diseases. It helps build muscle and maintain digestive health. It is also noted that amaranth has more nutrients than quinoa.

Kangni is known as semolina or rice flour. It helps in strengthening the immune system and balancing blood sugar levels as it is high in iron and calcium. It also serves as a better option for shedding those extra pounds. It usually includes low cholesterol, good digestion, and helps in building good heart health.

Continue Reading

Whole Grains Health

Adherence To a Mediterranean Diet Lowers Risk of Diabetes

Published

on

Author: Kenya Henderson, 2021 PharmD. Candidate, Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

The Role of the Mediterranean Diet: Eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight can potentially reduce the risk of developing diabetes for the US population.

A Mediterranean diet is one of the few healthy eating habits that has been linked to significant health improvements. It is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, legumes, and olive oil and is more common in European countries. It is recommended by the American Heart Association, the American Diabetes Association, and the Dietary Guidelines for Americans to help reduce the risk of chronic disease. In addition, it is linked to a reduced risk of diabetes in Mediterranean and European countries. However, it is unclear that the Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of developing diabetes in the US population. In a large US cohort study with black and white men and women, this study investigated whether Mediterranean eating behavior is linked to the risk of diabetes.

This study was a prospective cohort study that included patients in previous research, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, which looked at the causes of heart disease in over 400,000 adults in the United States. In this study, data were collected from 11,991 participants on their first visit. Participants were excluded if they were Asian or Indian due to the small sample size; were black and from Maryland and Minnesota, unable to decipher the influence of geographic region on race; if they have a history or history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes or cancer; or if they were derived from the answers to the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) or if they had ten or more missing FFQ elements.

One of the statistical methods was an FFQ questionnaire to record the food intake of each patient on their first and third visits. The data recorded from the survey was used in the scores for the Mediterranean Alternative Diet (aMed). The scores ranged from 0 to 9 points, with 1 point being awarded if the patient reported consuming vegetables, fruits, or legumes himself, and 1 point if the patient reported consuming red or processed meat. The higher the aMed score, the higher the adherence to a Mediterranean diet. They also used Cox’s proportional hazard regression models to estimate the hazard ratios and confidence intervals for the associations between aMed scores and incidents of diabetes. Incidence diabetes was defined as: if the patient was diagnosed by a doctor, had taken diabetes medication in the past two weeks, had a fasting blood sugar of 126 mg / dL or more, or a non-fasting blood sugar of 200 mg / dL or above. Variables were also used in the Cox regression analyzes, including energy intake, age, gender, race, educational level, smoking status and physical activity, and clinical mediators of diabetes. They were all stratified by race and body mass index (BMI).

During a median follow-up of 22 years, this analysis found 4,024 cases of diabetes among the 11,991 participants. In summary, aMed scores and incidents of diabetes were higher in blacks than whites, but the risk of diabetes was reduced by up to 17% in both races. In addition, the associations between aMed scores and incidents of diabetes were found to be stronger in patients with a healthy baseline BMI, indicating that obesity or overweight outweighs the benefits of a healthy Mediterranean diet, as shown in the ARIC study and other U.S. Population. Therefore, the results of this study indicate that following a Mediterranean diet without weight loss may not reduce the risk of diabetes in overweight or obese populations. While following a Mediterranean diet could lower the risk of diabetes in people with healthy BMI, the discussion about restricting calories to achieve and maintain a healthy weight should remain one of the most important tasks of diabetes prevention. Overall, eating and following a Mediterranean diet lowers the risk of diabetes in a community-based US population, especially for black and normal weight individuals. Future studies should be conducted to determine whether a Mediterranean diet that results in clinically meaningful weight loss can reduce the future risk of diabetes in those who are overweight or obese.

Practice pearls:

  • Diets high in fiber, fruits, vegetables, fish, and olive oil have been linked to a lower risk of developing diabetes in the US population.
  • There are stronger associations between adherence to the Mediterranean pattern and incidents of diabetes among blacks compared to the US white population.

O’Connor, LE, Hu, EA, Steffen, LM et al. Adherence to Mediterranean eating habits and risk of diabetes in a prospective US cohort study. Nutr. Diabetes 10, 8, (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41387-020-0113-x

Kenya Henderson, 2021 PharmD. Candidate, Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Continue Reading

Trending

Copyright © 2017 Zox News Theme. Theme by MVP Themes, powered by WordPress.