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Whole Grain Benefits

Type 2 diabetes and weight loss: Diet, recommendations, and more

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Diabetes is a condition with high blood sugar or sugar. Weight can play a key role in the disease as it can lead to both weight loss and weight gain.

Statistics show that 34.2 million people in the United States have diabetes. This corresponds to 10.5% of the population. Type 2 diabetes can lead to weight loss if a person is left untreated.

On the other hand, once a person starts insulin therapy, weight gain can also occur. In fact, virtually every person taking the therapy will experience this side effect. But there are other drugs for type 2 diabetes that may result in weight loss or no weight change.

After a person develops type 2 diabetes, eating a balanced diet is important to control blood sugar levels and prevent weight gain, which this 2011 study found makes the disease worse. This includes eating balanced meals with nutritious foods and paying attention to portion sizes.

Read on to learn more about type 2 diabetes and weight loss, as well as nutrition tips and recommendations.

Insulin is a hormone that allows sugar to leave the bloodstream and enter the cells that use it for energy. In type 2 diabetes, the cells do not respond to insulin as desired. This is known as insulin resistance.

As a result, the pancreas produces more insulin to help overcome resistance. After all, the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to get enough sugar into the cells. This causes the blood sugar level to rise.

Since the cells cannot get the energy they need from glucose, the body breaks down fat instead to use it for energy. This can lead to weight loss.

Weight loss with no apparent cause can be a symptom of type 2 diabetes. Obvious causes of weight loss include intentional dieting, regular exercise, or taking diuretics, which are drugs that increase urination.

When medications and other therapies for type 2 diabetes don’t control blood sugar, doctors usually recommend insulin therapy. It happens to about 25% of people with the condition, and most people who start insulin therapy gain weight.

There is also evidence that weight gain is less pronounced in people who are already obese. When a person needs insulin therapy, the benefit of controlling blood sugar far outweighs the risk of weight gain. A person can take steps to limit weight gain by following moderate dietary recommendations as outlined below.

The insulin resistance, which is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, can also lead to weight gain. When the pancreas produces more insulin in response to insulin resistance, the hormone signals the muscles and liver to store blood sugar. After the muscles and liver are full, the liver sends excess blood sugar to fat cells for storage. This can also lead to weight gain.

Some oral medications, such as glipizide and pioglitazone, can also cause weight gain. Other drugs, such as metformin, liraglutide, and dapagliflozin, can cause weight loss in some people and have no effect on weight in others. It is important that each person speak with their doctor about what treatment options are best for their situation.

Find out more about diabetes medication here.

Diet is an important part of a balanced lifestyle for a person with type 2 diabetes, states the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). It helps keep blood sugar levels within the target range and promotes weight loss or weight maintenance. These benefits increase energy levels and help delay the development of diabetes complications.

The optimal diet for people with diabetes is to consume the right amount of nutritious foods from all food groups. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advocate the plate method as a guide to meal planning. The plate method includes:

  • Filling one half of a 9-inch dinner plate with non-starchy vegetables: Examples are broccoli, carrots, green beans, and cabbage.
  • Fill a quarter of the plate with carbohydrates: These include cereals, at least half of which should be whole grains, such as oats, quinoa, and brown rice. Other carbohydrates include fruits, yogurt, milk, and starchy vegetables like corn or potatoes.
  • Fill the other quarter of the plate with lean protein: Examples are beans, tofu, chicken, turkey, or eggs.

A person can drink water or unsweetened iced tea with their meal.

Find out more about the best vegetables for type 2 diabetes here.

The NIDDK recommends limiting the following:

  • Foods high in sodium (salt)
  • Sweets such as ice cream, candy, and baked goods
  • Fried foods and foods high in saturated fat, such as fatty cuts of meat or trans fats, such as processed foods that contain partially hydrogenated vegetable oil
  • Beverages with added sugar, such as sweetened iced tea, regular sodas, and regular energy drinks

In addition, if a person consumes alcohol, women should limit their intake to one drink per day and men to two drinks per day.

Other dietary recommendations from the CDC include:

  • Focus on whole foods: Avoid highly processed foods whenever possible.
  • Minimize the increase in blood sugar caused by consuming carbohydrates: To prevent or reduce this surge, eat carbohydrates with foods that contain fiber, protein, or “good” fat, such as avocados and olives. For example, eating whole fruits is more beneficial for blood sugar than drinking fruit juice because it contains fiber.
  • View carbohydrates: Eat roughly the same amount of carbohydrates at each meal. Counting and limiting them can help control blood sugar.
  • Limit portion size: Since most restaurant meals are very large servings, pack half of the meals to take home and eat later.

Planning meals that meet a person’s health needs and budget can be challenging, so consulting with a registered dietitian can be helpful. Another option is to ask a doctor for a referral to a diabetes self-management and awareness-raising service. This program teaches people to eat healthily, check their blood sugar levels, and deal emotionally with diabetes.

Learn more about dinner ideas for type 2 diabetes here.

Other symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

  • fatigue
  • increased thirst and urination
  • blurred vision
  • Numbness or tingling in your hands or feet
  • increased hunger
  • Wounds that don’t heal

Symptoms often develop slowly over several years. Many people have no symptoms, and some have symptoms that are too mild to notice. Sometimes people don’t discover their diabetes until they develop one of the complications, such as heart disease.

Learn more about the early symptoms of diabetes here.

In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces either no or very little insulin, the CDC notes. This leads to an increase in blood sugar because there is not enough insulin available to enter the cells.

As with type 2 diabetes, because the body cannot get enough of the glucose it needs for energy, it breaks down body fat to use for energy. This can lead to weight loss.

Type 2 diabetes can lead to weight loss. Some treatments for type 2 diabetes can also lead to weight gain or loss.

When a person has type 2 diabetes, diet plays a crucial role in controlling blood sugar. If someone is overweight, losing just a few pounds can help them manage their illness. With this in mind, a person’s nutritional plan is very important as it affects blood sugar and weight, both of which determine the progression of diabetes.

People with diabetes should consider consulting a registered dietitian for personalized recommendations and help with maintaining a balanced diet.

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Whole Grain Benefits

For the 55-and-over crowd, March 27-April 3, 2022 | Local News

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For information about services available to older adults, contact Pam Jacobsen, director of the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program and Helen Mary Stevick Senior Citizens Center, 2102 Windsor Place, C, at 217-359-6500.

RSVP and the Stevick Center are administered by Family Service of Champaign County.

ANNOUNCEMENTS

  • Active Senior Republicans in Champaign County’s monthly meeting will be held at 9:30 am on April 4 in the Robeson Pavilion Room A & B at the Champaign Public Library. This month’s speakers will be Jesse Reising, Regan Deering and Matt Hausman, Republican primary candidates for the newly redrawn 13th Congressional District.
  • Parkland Theater House needs four ushers each night for “The SpongeBob Musical,” opening April 14. There will be nine shows in total — April 14-16, April 22-24 and April 29-May 1. For details, call or email Michael Atherton, Parkland Theater House Manager, theatre@parkland.edu or 217-373-3874.
  • Parkland College also needs four volunteers for commencement. The commencement ceremony will be in person at Krannert Center for the Performing Arts at 8 pm May 12. Volunteers needed from 6:30 to 8 pm For details, contact Tracy Kleparski, Director of Student Life, at TKleparski@parkland.edu or 217- 351-2206.
  • The Milford High School National Honor Society and Student Council is hosting a Senior Citizens Banquet at 6 pm April 22. The event will be held in the MAPS #124 Gymnasium (park at south doors at Milford High School. To RSVP, call Sandy Potter at 815-471-4213.

STEVICK CENTER ACTIVITIES

Knit or crochet for those in need:

Meditative Movement with Yoga:

  • 9 to 10:15 am Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Bingo:

  • 11 am to noon, second and fourth Tuesdays. Call 217-359-6500.

Bridge:

  • Noon to 3 pm Thursdays.

Euchar:

Card game 13:

  • To sign up to play, call 217-359-6500 and ask for Debbie.

Men’s group:

  • 9 am Monday-Friday. Join us for a cup of coffee and great conversation.

HOT LUNCH PROGRAM

The Peace Meal Nutrition Program provides daily hot lunches at 11:30 am for a small donation and a one-day advance reservation at sites in Champaign, Urbana, Rantoul, Sidney (home delivery only), Mahomet (home delivery only) and Homer.

For reservations, call 800-543-1770. Reservations for Monday need to be made by noon Friday.

NOTE: There is no change for home deliveries, but at congregate sites, you can get a carry-out meal.

Sunday:

  • BBQ pork sandwich, mini potato bakers, corn, creamy cole slaw, bun.

Tuesday:

  • Turkey pot roast with carrots and celery, Italian green beans, pineapple, whole grain roll.

Tuesday:

  • Savory sausage stew, broccoli, chunky apple sauce, biscuit, surprise dessert.

Tuesday:

  • Meatloaf, mashed potatoes and brown gravy, tomatoes and zucchini, apricots, whole-grain roll.

Friday:

  • Chef’s choice — regional favorites will be served.

VOLUNTEER OPPORTUNITIES

If you are 55 and older and want to volunteer in your community, RSVP (funded by AmeriCorps Seniors and the Illinois Department on Aging) provides a unique link to local nonprofits needing help. We offer support, benefits and a safe connection to partner sites.

Contact Pam Jacobsen at rsvpchampaign@gmail.com or 217-359-6500.

CURRENT NEEDS

Senior Volunteers.

  • RSVP of Champaign, Douglas and Piatt counties/AmeriCorps Senior Volunteers is your link to over 100 nonprofit organizations. Please contact Pam Jacobsen at rsvpchampaign@gmail.com or call 217-359-6500 for volunteer information.

Food for seniors. Handlers needed to unload boxes of food for repackaging at 7 am on the second and fourth Tuesdays of the month. We are looking for backup delivery drivers to deliver food to seniors. Contact Robbie Edwards at 217-359-6500 for info.

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Whole Grain Benefits

The future of nutrition advice

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By Lisa Drayer, CNN

(CNN) — Most of us know we should eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

So why would the National Institutes of Health spend $150 million to answer questions such as “What and when should we eat?” and “How can we improve the use of food as medicine?”

The answer may be precision nutrition, which aims to understand the health effects of the complex interplay among genetics, our microbiome (the bacteria living in our gut), our diet and level of physical activity, and other social and behavioral characteristics.

That means that everyone could have their own unique set of nutritional requirements.

How is that possible? I asked three experts who conduct precision nutrition research: Dr. Frank Hu, professor of nutrition and epidemiology and chair of the Department of Nutrition at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, and Martha Field and Angela Poole, both assistant professors in the division of nutritional sciences at Cornell University’s College of Human Ecology.

Below is an edited version of our conversation.

CNN: How is precision nutrition different from current nutrition advice?

dr Frank Hu: The idea of ​​precision nutrition is to have the right food, at the right amount, for the right person. Instead of providing general dietary recommendations for everyone, this precision approach tailors nutrition recommendations to individual characteristics, including one’s genetic background, microbiome, social and environmental factors, and more. This can help achieve better health outcomes.

CNN: Why is there no one-size-fits-all prescription when it comes to what we should be eating?

Huh: Not everyone responds to the same diet in the same way. For example, given the same weight-loss diet, some people can lose a lot of weight; other people may gain weight. A recent study in JAMA randomized a few hundred overweight individuals to a healthy low-carb or low-fat diet. After a year, there was almost an identical amount of weight loss for the two groups, but there was a huge variation between individuals within each group — some lost 20 pounds. Others gained 10 pounds.

Martha Field: Individuals have unique responses to diet, and the “fine adjust” of precision nutrition is understanding those responses. This means understanding interactions among genetics, individual differences in metabolism, and responses to exercise.

CNN: How do we eat based on precision nutrition principles now?

Huh: There are some examples of personalized diets for disease management, like a gluten-free diet for the management of celiac disease, or a lactose-free diet if you are lactose intolerant. For individuals with a condition known as PKU (phenylketonuria), they should consume (a) phenylalanine-free diet. It’s a rare condition but a classic example of how your genes can influence what type of diets you should consume.

Angela Poole: If I had a family history of high cholesterol, diabetes or colon cancer, I would increase my dietary fiber intake, eating a lot of different sources, including a variety of vegetables.

fields: If you have high blood pressure, you should be more conscious of sodium intake. Anyone with a malabsorption issue might have a need for higher levels of micronutrients such as B vitamins and some minerals.

CNN: There is research showing that people metabolize coffee differently. What are the implications here?

Huh: Some people carry fast caffeine-metabolizing genes; others carry slow genes. If you carry fast (metabolizing) genotypes, you can drink a lot of caffeinated coffee because caffeine is broken down quickly. If you are a slow metabolizer, you get jittery and may not be able to sleep if you drink coffee in the afternoon. If that’s the case, you can drink decaf coffee and still get the benefits of coffee’s polyphenols, which are associated with decreased risk of heart disease and diabetes without the effects of caffeine.

CNN: How much of a role do our individual genes play in our risk of disease? And can our behavior mitigate our disease risk?

Huh: Our health is affected by both genes and diets, which constantly interact with each other because certain dietary factors can turn on or off some disease-related genes. We published research showing that reducing consumption of sugary beverages can offset the negative effects of obesity genes. That’s really good news. Our genes are not our destiny.

Another area of ​​precision nutrition is to measure blood or urine metabolites, small molecules produced during the breakdown and ingestion of food. For example, having a higher concentration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) strongly predicts one’s future risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The blood levels of BCAAs depend on individuals’ diet, genes and gut microbiome. We found that eating a healthy (Mediterranean-style) diet can mitigate harmful effects of BCAAs on cardiovascular disease. So measuring BCAAs in your blood may help to evaluate your risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease and encourage dietary changes that can lower the risk of chronic diseases down the road.

fields: The environmental effects can sometimes be on the same magnitude as the genetic effects with respect to risk for disease.

CNN: Our individual microbiomes may be able to dictate what type of diet we should be consuming. Can you tell us about this emerging research? And what do you think of microbiome tests?

Poole: Research has shown that in some people, their blood sugar will spike higher from eating bananas than from eating cookies, and this has been associated with microbiome composition. Scientists have used microbiome data to build algorithms that can predict an individual’s glucose response, and this is a major advance. But that’s not an excuse for me to shovel down cookies instead of bananas. Likewise, if the algorithm suggests eating white bread instead of whole-wheat bread due to blood glucose responses, I wouldn’t just eat white bread all the time.

At the moment, I’m not ready to spend a lot of money to see what’s in my gut microbiome… and the microbiome changes over time.

Huh: Microbiome tests are not cheap, and the promise that this test can help develop a personalized meal plan that can improve blood sugar and blood cholesterol … at this point, the data are not conclusive.

CNN: How will nutrition advice be different 10 years from now?

Poole: I think you will receive a custom-tailored grocery list on an app — foods that you want to buy and foods that you want to avoid, based on your blood sugar responses to foods, your level of physical activity and more.

Huh: We will have more and better biomarkers and more affordable and accurate nutrigenomics and microbiome tests as well as better computer algorithms that predict your response to food intakes.

But these technologies cannot substitute general nutrition principles such as limiting sodium and added sugar and eating more healthy plant foods. In a few years, you may be able to get a more useful response from Alexa if you ask her what you should eat — but like other answers from Alexa, you’ll have to take it with a grain of salt.

The CNN Wire
™ & © 2022 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.

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Whole Grain Benefits

Are Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwiches Healthy?

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In order to assess its nutritional value, first we must discuss the breakdown of this sandwich.

Typically, there are three main ingredients — bread, peanut butter, and jelly — each with different nutritional values.

Nutritional value of bread

Bread can be a part of a balanced diet. The nutritional value of bread depends on the type chosen.

For starters, whole-grain bread is the best option because it provides a higher amount of nutrients. Whole grain kernels have three parts: the bran, endosperm, and germ (1).

Because whole grain bread retains all three parts, it’s higher in protein and fiber compared with other breads. These nutrients slow the absorption of sugar into your blood stream and keep you full longer (2, 3).

Whole grain bread is also richer in key nutrients, like B vitamins, iron, folate, and magnesium. Look for the word “whole” as part of the first ingredient in bread’s nutritional label (2).

Choosing sprouted grain bread, like Ezekiel bread, is also an excellent choice. The sprouting process increases digestibility and bioavailability of nutrients. Studies show sprouted bread has more fiber, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and beta-glucan (4).

Sourdough bread is fine, too. Although it’s not as high in fiber and protein, it has a lower glycemic index than white bread.

Glycemic index measures how quickly food increases blood sugars. In general, foods with a lower glycemic index better support your overall health.

But keep in mind that glycemic index doesn’t tell the whole story. We must look at the meal as a whole — for example, what we add to the bread. Nutrients, like protein and fats, can help lower the overall glycemic load of a meal, and serving sizes also play a role (5).

As a guideline, look for whole grain breads that offer at least 2 grams of fiber per slice. We also suggest using bread that contains 3 grams of protein or more per slice.

If that’s not available, sourdough bread may be your next best option.

Summary

Choose breads that are higher in fiber and protein, like whole grain bread or sprouted grain bread. These varieties help slow absorption of sugars and keep you full longer.

Nutritional value of peanut butter

Many people find peanut butter delicious.

Nutritionally, it also delivers. Peanut butter is a good source of protein and healthy fats, important for all stages of life, especially growing children. Plus, it’s a good source of fiber.

Two tablespoons (32 grams) of smooth peanut butter contain 7 grams of protein, 16 grams of fats, and 2 grams of fiber (6).

Importantly, the majority of fats in peanut butter are unsaturated fats. Research consistently indicates that replacing saturated fats found in animal products with more unsaturated fats (like those in peanut butter) may lower cholesterol and improve heart health (7, 8).

For growing kids, healthy fats are vital for healthy development. Plus, fats help absorb the vitamins A, D, E, and K, all of which play a synergistic role in supporting immune and brain health (9, 10).

Contrary to popular belief, conventional peanut butter doesn’t usually have more sugar than 100% natural peanut butter. However, it may have more salt (6).

When shopping, check the nutrition labels to ensure it doesn’t contain additional ingredients other than peanuts.

When enjoying natural peanut butter, the oil will separate from the peanut butter. Not to fret — just give it a good stir! This helps mix the oils with the solids.

Pro tip: You can store peanut butter upside down in the fridge to keep it from separating again!

Summary

When available, choose 100% natural peanut butter, as it’s lower in salt. Remember to stir the peanut butter before eating to mix the oils with the solids.

Nutritional value of jelly

The PB&J sandwich isn’t complete without jelly or jam. What’s the difference, anyway?

Well, while jellies and jams have similar nutritional value and taste, there’s a slight difference: Jellies are made with fruit juice, while jam is made with the fruit juice and pulp (7).

Both jellies and jams contain pectin (artificially added to jelly), which has prebiotic effects that may improve gut health (8).

However, both are naturally high in sugar, so enjoy them in moderation. To have more say in the ingredients used, you can try making your jelly at home.

If you’re buying from a store, look for jellies with no added sugar in the ingredients list. Alternative names for added sugars include glucose, sucrose, dextrose, and fructose.

Summary

Jellies are high in natural sugars and contain pectins that may have a beneficial effect in promoting good health. Try to choose jellies with no added sugars.

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