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Slow carb versus fast carb claims lack scientific evidence, says ASU professor



August 16, 2021

Five new faculty members joined the School of International Letters and Cultures this fall, bringing their expertise on a range of topics including Spanish, Vietnamese, Chinese and American Sign Language.

Meet the school’s new faculty members:

To Nguyen Sakach, lecturer, Vietnamese
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To Nguyen Sakach, lecturer

Sakach joins the school as a lecturer in Vietnamese. Prior to joining the School of International Letters and Cultures, Sakach was a senior lecturer at Northern Arizona University in the Intensive English Program and Target Language Reviewer (Vietnamese) at the University of Maryland at the National Foreign Language Center. Sakach’s educational background is in linguistics and applied linguistics. She has a bachelor’s degree in linguistics in Vietnam and a master’s degree in applied linguistics from Ohio University.

“My research focused on the second language language, native language learners, bilingualism and the development of Vietnamese curricula. I am also learning several Southeast Asian languages ​​and have a passion for clay languages, ”said Sakach.

“One of my fondest memories of my academic career was my time as a fellow student in a graduate college and I discussed our research projects on debate. We were in a study room on Level 1 of the Ohio University Library, where we could find a wonderful collection of Southeast Asian studies. We both had an equal interest in Southeast Asian languages, especially learning and teaching pronunciation. The discussion continued with many ‘I don’t know’ and we didn’t know that a year later we would be partners. “

She enjoys how the warmth and beauty of the valley make her appreciate the water, trees and shadows of the Sonoran Desert.

American Sign Language (ASL)

Austin Cary, American Sign Language (ASL) Instructor

Austin Cary, American Sign Language Instructor

Austin Cary, instructor

Cary joins the school as an American Sign Language teacher. Prior to joining ASU, Cary was an elementary school teacher at the California School for the Deaf in Riverside, California and a part-time teacher for ASL at Santa Ana College and San Bernardino Valley College. He holds a bachelor’s degree in liberal studies and a master’s degree in university governance and student development from California Baptist University with a research focus on deaf and hard of hearing students.

In his academic career, Cary has done everything for his students by incorporating multiple ASL activities and games to keep students occupied and have the most fun in the classroom.

“I like to use a series of images of well-known characters and have a student come up front to do their best to play that character without words and let the audience guess who the character is,” said Cary.

His current hobby is cycling and he finished a 70 mile ride in Paso Robles, California this year. He also loves diving, spear fishing and hiking: “One of my best trips was when I hiked to the top of White Mountain Peak.”

Ronda Moriarty, American Sign Language (ASL) teacher

Ronda Moriarty, American Sign Language Instructor

Ronda Moriarty, instructor

Moriarty joins the school as an American Sign Language teacher. She has a PhD in Physiotherapy and has been teaching ASL and Deaf Culture for over 10 years. She was an adjunct professor at ASU for several years, teaching all levels of ASL at Mesa Community College, Phoenix College, Estrella Mountain Community College, and Glendale Community College.

“I enjoy volunteering as I volunteer annually to Ahwatukee Children’s Theater teaching ASL songs to children ages 5-18 so they can use sign language in their performances on stage,” said Moriarty. “I offer seminars for parents of deaf children to educate them about what they can do to improve their children’s futures, and I volunteer in the Community Health Mentor Program for NAU, ASU and the University of Arizona for a group of interprofessional students from Healthcare. Teaching is my passion. I am blessed each year to meet so many wonderful students from all walks of life. I hope I can make a difference and inspire them to be the best in whatever they do. Each of these students brings joy to my classroom and these are my fondest memories. “

Moriarty’s experience extends beyond the classroom. She worked as an ASL master for a Netflix series to improve understanding of Deaf culture and etiquette, working with actors, writers and producers, teaching them sign language.

Outside of work, Moriarty loves to spend time with her wife and three dogs, and loves to travel. “I love traveling to Europe, but my next big trip is to South Africa,” she said.


Sean McKinnon, Instructor, Spanish

Sean McKinnon, Instructor, Spanish

Sean McKinnon, instructor

McKinnon joins the school as a Spanish teacher. Prior to joining ASU, McKinnon was a visiting professor at the Institute of Spanish and Portuguese at Indiana University Bloomington.

McKinnon holds a BA in Psychology and Spanish from Ohio State University, a Masters in theoretical and applied linguistics from Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona, ​​Spain) and a PhD in Hispanic Linguistics from Indiana University.

His research focuses on language variation and change in bilingual communities in the Spanish-speaking world, specifically examining how bilingualism affects the grammar and pronunciation of both languages ​​and how different social factors mediate these linguistic changes. He did research on Spanish in contact with Catalan in Spain and Spanish in contact with English in the United States, but his main area of ​​research is studying Spanish in contact with Kaqchikel Maya in Guatemala.

One of his fondest memories is researching his dissertation in Guatamala.

“To examine the bilingual grammar and pronunciation, I took speech samples from my participants and interviewed them about their lives. I was impressed by the very personal stories they shared with me and how much I learned about how their individual experiences fit into the history, customs and traditions of Guatemala, ”said McKinnon.

Outside of the classroom, McKinnon enjoys cooking new recipes, improving the lifts in the gym, and hanging out with his dog Dexter.

“We look forward to being more outdoors and exploring all of the hikes, trails, and parks that Arizona has to offer,” he said.


Nicholas Williams, Associate Professor, Chinese

Nicholas Williams, Associate Professor, Chinese

Nicholas Williams, Associate Professor

Williams joins the school as an Associate Professor of Chinese. Prior to joining ASU, Williams was an Associate Professor at the University of Hong Kong in the School of Chinese.

Williams was a math student in college when his interest in Chinese literature was first piqued.

“Over the years my interests have shifted a bit, but the topic has always been the way Chinese literary forms, especially poetry, are used to represent different sensibilities and worldviews. Lately, I’ve been spending quite a bit of time working on the anthology called “Chuci” or “Elegies of Chu,” which highlights the magical and mystical side of ancient China, “Williams said.

Eventually he received his PhD from the University of Washington’s Department of Asian Languages ​​and Literatures.

“My research is mostly on literary works that are not exactly new – the poems in ‘Chuci’ are mostly over 2,000 years old,” said Williams. “But because Chinese writers continue to use literary forms, devices and images, even new poems from the 21st century can be written in the same tradition. Although I am studying Classical Chinese Literature, I have also translated a volume of classical-style poetry by a polymath named Jao Tsung-i who only passed away in 2018 – apparent poetry has been an unexpected joy in my career so far. “

Outside of the classroom, Williams enjoys jogging outdoors, even in the Arizona summer.

Whole Grains Health

The Pros and Cons of Vegetarian Diets



Many people follow a vegetarian diet to improve their health. The health benefits of a vegetarian diet are well documented. But this diet also has disadvantages. When thinking about following a vegetarian diet, consider these pros and cons to make sure it is right for you.

Pros: A vegetarian diet can lower your risk of disease.

Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds are at the heart of a healthy, balanced vegetarian diet. These foods provide an abundance of health-protecting vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber that can lower the risk of common chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, some cancers, and obesity.

Cons: Just because it’s vegetarian doesn’t mean it’s healthy.

On the other hand, if your vegetarian diet includes a lot of highly processed foods instead of whole plant foods, the risk of some chronic diseases may even increase. There are plenty of junk foods that can fit into a vegetarian diet but are not good for you – think soda, chips, and cookies, among others. Packaged vegetarian meals and snacks can contain high amounts of added sugar, sodium, and fat and offer little to no nutritional value. Remember, as with any diet, there are ways to make a vegetarian diet healthy and turn it into a diet disaster.

Pros: You have options when it comes to going vegetarian.

You can determine the type of vegetarian eating plan that will work best for you. Some people cut meat, fish, and poultry from their diet, but eat eggs and dairy products. Others only allow eggs or only dairy products. Some occasionally contain seafood. A vegan diet eliminates all foods that come from animals, even things like honey.

Downside: You may be nutritionally deficient.

Some essential nutrients such as vitamins B12 and D, calcium and iron are not found in many plant foods. Vegetarian diets can provide these nutrients as long as food intake is properly planned, but supplementation is sometimes required. The main sources of these nutrients for vegetarians include:

  • Vitamin B12: Found in animal products such as eggs and milk (as well as meat, fish and poultry). Also found in some fortified grains, nutritional yeast, meat substitutes, and soy milk.
  • Vitamin D: In addition to eggs and fish, it is also found in fortified vegetable milk and mushrooms. Vitamin D is also obtained from exposure to the sun.
  • Calcium: In addition to dairy products, calcium is found in fortified plant-based milk, grains, juice, tofu, kale, kale, broccoli, beans, and almonds.
  • Iron: You can get iron from eggs, but also fortified grains, soy, spinach, Swiss chard, and beans. Combine iron-rich foods with vitamin C-rich foods like citrus fruits, peppers, or tomatoes to increase your intake.

Starting a vegetarian diet can be difficult when shopping for groceries, dining out, and dining in social settings. Over time this will get easier, but will require some work. Read the product labels and familiarize yourself with common animal ingredients like casein, whey, and gelatin. In restaurants, remember that meatless meals can be made with dairy or other animal products such as beef or chicken broth. So ask questions to make a choice that is right for you. If you’re eating at home, it’s best to bring a vegetarian dish that anyone can enjoy.

If you are committed to a vegetarian lifestyle, a registered dietitian can provide helpful tips to better meet your nutritional needs.


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Whole Grains Health

Falling for weight loss myths



I’m here to warn you about 5 fat loss myths that most people fall for. This may sound like soapbox talk and we apologize, but trust us when we say this is a message that needs to be spread.

Your fat loss depends on it.

Don’t waste time on these:

Myth: Diet pills help with fat loss

It’s so tempting! The commercials make compelling claims about the power of diet pills, but don’t fall for them. The “magic pill” has yet to be discovered (it was discovered – exercise. It just doesn’t come in pill form). Diet pills are more likely to damage your health and burn your wallet than you lose weight.

Don’t take a pill – instead, burn calories with exercise.

Myth: You should starve to lose fat

Trying to lose weight by starving is not only ineffective but also dangerous. It may seem like a severe calorie restriction would result in the fastest weight loss, but your body is complex and doing so disrupts your metabolism and slows down your results.

Don’t starve yourself – instead, eat healthy, small meals throughout the day.

Myth: Lots of crunches will straighten your abs

We all want our midsection to look toned while walking on the beach, but excessive crunches aren’t the solution for tight abs. To achieve a slim look, you need to focus on burning off the layer of fat that covers your abs.

Don’t be obsessed with crunches – focus on burning fat instead.

Myth: Eat Packaged Diet Foods For Quick Results

It is amazing to see what foods are packaged as “diet” or “weight loss” aids. In most cases, these products contain refined sugars and other artificial ingredients that your body doesn’t need.

Don’t eat packaged diet foods – stick to nutritious whole foods instead.

Myth: You have to avoid carbohydrates to lose fat

Carbohydrates get a bad rap, which is unfortunate because you can (and should) eat carbohydrates while you are losing weight. The key is to stick with whole grains, oatmeal, and brown rice while avoiding processed and refined flours and sugars.

Don’t go without all carbohydrates – stick with healthy carbohydrates instead.

Fred Sassani

Now that you know what not to do to look your best this summer, it’s time to go over your beach-ready game plan.

Here’s what you need to know in 3 easy steps:

First: cut out the trash

The best way to do this is to start cleaning your kitchen. Avoid sugary, processed, and high-fat foods. Once the rubbish is cleared away, don’t buy anything more. Remember, your beach-ready abs depend on what you eat – don’t eat trash.

Second: focus on whole foods

Replace the junk food in your life with a lot of the following: cooked and raw vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, moderate amounts of seeds and nuts, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products. Clean eating is that easy.

Third, start an exercise program with a fitness professional

This is the most obvious step. When you’re ready to get into tip-top shape, find a fitness professional who can help you along the way by creating a simple, step-by-step program. Invest in your health and watch the rest of your life change too.

Fred Sassani is the founder of Bodies By Design, a nationally certified personal trainer and nutrition specialist. For comments or questions, you can reach Fred at or visit

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Whole Grains Health

How to Tell if Your Baby is Ready to Stop Drinking Formula – Cleveland Clinic



Make the formula. Feed your sweetie. Wash, rinse, repeat. For parents of babies who drink infant formula, you did this dance several times a day (and night) for what felt like an eternity. But could the end finally be in sight? When do babies stop drinking milk?

The Cleveland Clinic is a not-for-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our website helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. politics

“A healthy baby should drink breast milk or formula up to the age of 1 year. Formulas are fortified with the vitamins and iron they need, ”says pediatrician Radhai Prabhakaran, MD. “In general, babies aged 9 months to 1 year should have at least 24 ounces per day. But once your baby is on a full diet of nutritious solid foods, switch to cow’s milk, which contains protein and vitamin D. “

Indicates your baby is ready to wean the formula

Whether babies are ready to board the milk express depends on their taste for table food. “Some babies get used to a mostly solid diet early (between 9 and 12 months) because they like it and they are okay with it. If you have a nutritionally balanced diet, it is okay to wean your baby from infant formula before the age of one. “

A healthy solid food diet for a baby should include:

  • Fruit.
  • Grains.
  • Protein from meat, eggs, or boiled beans.
  • Vegetables.

“Gradually reduce the amount of formula you drink as you eat more. Keep offering it to drink because sometimes babies are not full after eating solid foods, ”notes Dr. Prabhakaran. “But wait until they are 1 year old to introduce cow’s milk, even if they wean earlier.”

Signs your baby is NOT ready to wean the formula

Your baby should continue feeding if:

  • You’re not gaining weight.
  • Were born prematurely.
  • Have not established a balanced solid diet.
  • You need to proceed with the formula based on your doctor’s recommendation. (For example, if your baby has food allergies or has trouble digesting food or absorbing nutrients.)

Health conditions that affect how long babies drink formula

Certain underlying health conditions can affect how long it takes your baby to drink formula. Babies may need to stay on the formula longer if they:

“And if your doctor has already told you that your baby may need to be on a special diet, talk to him or her before weaning your baby off the formula,” adds Dr. Prabhakaran added. “They can help you come up with a nutrition plan that will make the transition safer.”

How to wean your baby off formula

If your baby likes the taste of cow’s milk:

  1. Start giving them a 2 to 4 ounce serving of milk for every two or three servings of formula.
  2. For up to 10 days over the next week, increase the servings of milk as you decrease the servings of the formula.
  3. Stop giving milk as soon as you have drunk the milk without any problems.

If your baby prefers the taste of formula:

  1. Build the formula as usual. Do not add cow’s milk to the milk powder.
  2. Mix together 2 ounces of prepared formula and 2 ounces of cow’s milk so you have a 4-ounce drink for your baby.
  3. Feed your baby the mixture.
  4. Over the next week to 10 days, add more milk and less milk to the mixture until it is all cow’s milk.

Bottle or cup?

Get ready to say goodbye to the bottle. Dr. Prabhakaran says that drinking from a bottle is a no-go from the age of 1. “Bottle feeding can affect tooth growth and cause tooth decay.”

Instead, switch your little one to a swallow, straw, or regular cup at around 9 months of age. “When you’re feeling adventurous, wean her off the formula and the bottle at the same time.”

Does my baby still need milk when he wakes up at night?

Dr. Prabhakaran notes that most babies of this age do not need to eat when they wake up at night. “When babies have doubled their birth weight (which happens after about 4 to 6 months) and are eating solid foods regularly, they generally don’t need extra calories and can sleep through the night. So encourage her to go back to sleep. “

Babies of this age also have the most milk teeth, so drinking milk or formula at night can lead to dental problems. Night feeding can also make them too full to eat what they need during the day.

But as always there are exceptions. “If your baby is not gaining weight, your doctor can give you other advice. Breast-fed babies can also take a little longer because the breast milk is digested more quickly. “

When to apply the brakes when stopping the formula

Dr. Prabhakaran says the transition to cow’s milk should be even slower once babies start drinking milk and experience:

  • Dramatic change in her bowel movements.
  • Abundance.

If these symptoms persist or worsen, speak to your baby’s pediatrician about a possible milk allergy. If necessary, your doctor can recommend safe milk alternatives for young children.

Signs that your baby may not tolerate cow’s milk include:

  • Constipation.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Rash.
  • Vomit.

What is the best milk for a 1 year old?

Experts consider whole cow milk to be the best milk for 1-year-olds after weaning. “The general rule is whole milk until they’re 2 years old, unless there are special circumstances,” says Dr. Prabhakaran.

Your doctor may recommend 2% milk instead if your baby:

  • Is difficult for her size.
  • Drink more than the recommended amount of milk (16 to 24 ounces per day or 2 to 3 cups).
  • Is blocked.

Milk alternatives for toddlers

Unsweetened soy milk is one of the best cow milk alternatives for toddlers because it has a similar protein content. But soy milk has fewer calories – which babies need to thrive – than whole milk. The calorie content of unsweetened rice milk is slightly higher, but it contains less protein and more added sugar.

The best way to make a decision, says Dr. Prabhakaran, is to look at your child’s overall diet. “There are so many milk alternatives and the diets of babies are very different. It’s impossible to have a blanket rule of what’s okay. Some children eat a lot of yogurt and cheese. Some babies are vegan. Talk to your baby’s doctor about the best alternative to help your child with certain deficiencies and general nutrition. “

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