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Surprising Effects of Eating Plant-Based Foods, Science Says

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When you toss more plant-based or whole foods – foods derived from a plant – in your shopping cart, you are not alone. Recent data shows that the plant food industry is now a $ 7 billion market, according to statistics from the Plant-Based Foods Association.

In fact, more than 71 million American households, or 57% of all US households, bought plant-based foods in 2020 – a 4% increase from the previous year.

Meals based on minimally processed, cruelty-free products – fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes (beans and legumes), nuts, seeds, spices, and oils – have been linked to a variety of health benefits. And now the American Heart Association (AHA) recently published two research studies that provide further evidence of enjoying meatless dishes.

Here are four reasons why you should consider adding some vegetarian / vegan / flexitarian / Mediterranean / plant-based specialties to your diet on a plant-based diet.

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If you follow a plant-based lifestyle today, your heart can stay healthy on the road. One of the studies published in the Journal of the American Heart Association looked at the eating habits of 4,946 adults between the ages of 18 and 30 over a period of 32 years. Participants were asked to provide their detailed nutritional history while the authors rated their food choices on a scale. Beneficial foods (fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts, and whole grains) received the highest ratings, while adverse foods (high-fat red meats, fried foods, salty snacks, pastries, and soft drinks) received low ratings.

After considering other risk factors (such as genetics, smoking, and exercise habits), the volunteers who were in the top 20% on the long-term nutritional scale had a 52% lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease three decades later. In addition, among adults who had changed their food choices for the better, the likelihood was that between age 7

“I’m not surprised that consuming more plant-based foods would benefit cardiovascular health,” says Erin Palinski-Wade, RD, a certified diabetes care and education specialist and author of 2 Day Diabetes Diet. She explains that following a plant-based diet, not only does it mean your meals are lower in inflammatory saturated fats, but it also increases your intake of antioxidants as well as fiber.

“Diets high in antioxidants can reduce inflammation – a driver of chronic disease,” she continues. “In addition, a high-fiber diet has been shown to have a positive impact on both blood lipids and intestinal health, which in turn can reduce the risk of future cardiovascular diseases.”

Also, look at an important effect drinking beer has on heart disease, a new study says.

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The AHA’s second study included 123,330 postmenopausal women between the ages of 50 and 79 who were not living with heart disease. The women completed food questionnaires over a 15-year period, in which the authors rated how closely they followed the Portfolio Diet, a plan made up of cholesterol-lowering plant foods (including plant proteins like soy, beans, and tofu) and soluble fiber such as oats, barley, okra, eggplant, apples and berries).

The results, published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, showed that women who stuck to the portfolio diet frequently were 17% less likely to develop heart failure, 14% less likely to develop coronary artery disease, and 11% less likely to develop develop any type of cardiovascular disease.

“We also found dose-response in our study, which means you can start small by adding one component at a time to the portfolio diet and get more heart health benefits as you add more components,” said Andrea J Glenn, MSc, RD, lead study author and graduate student at the University of Toronto, in a press release.

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Last month, the American Academy of Neurology announced that even minimal servings of colorful, plant-based foods – including strawberries, blackberries, and oranges – could lower your risk of cognitive decline by 20%.

Thanks to certain types of flavonoids (a class of botanicals with powerful antioxidant effects), cognitive impairment was reduced by 24% (seen in those who ate more red, purple and blue foods like cherries and blueberries) and by 38% – that’s three to four years younger than your real age – among the volunteers who ate orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.

“The people in our study who performed best over time ate an average of at least half a serving per day of foods like orange juice, oranges, peppers, celery, grapefruits, grapefruit juice, apples, and pears,” said study author Walter Willett, MD, DrPH, Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition at Harvard, in a press release. “And it’s never too late to start because we’ve seen these protective relationships whether people started adding the flavonoids in their diet 20 years ago or recently started incorporating them.”

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Researchers from the UK analyzed data from 11 clinical studies (each study lasted an average of 23 weeks) that compared the results of a plant-based diet versus other diets. According to their findings, published in the journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care, a plant-based (or sometimes vegan) plan had both physical and psychological benefits for people with type 2 diabetes.

For example, the fasting blood sugar levels of those participants who ate little to no animal products fell “steeper”, while their symptoms of depression “improved significantly”.

“These findings are very useful,” says Palinski-Wade. “If you have high blood sugar levels, a plant-based diet can have a positive impact on intestinal health.” The reason: Many plant-based foods (such as onions, garlic, leeks, asparagus, and bananas) are filled with prebiotic fiber, a form of fiber that feeds the “friendly” bacteria in the digestive system.

“The metabolism of these compounds releases beneficial short-chain fatty acids that have been shown to reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity, which ultimately improves blood sugar levels,” she explains.

As a result, avoiding high and low blood sugar fluctuations also helps keep your emotions in check. “Since blood sugar regulation and gut health can have a direct impact on mood, a diet that balances blood sugar can also improve mood,” adds Palinski-Wade.

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Whole Grains Health

The Pros and Cons of Vegetarian Diets

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Many people follow a vegetarian diet to improve their health. The health benefits of a vegetarian diet are well documented. But this diet also has disadvantages. When thinking about following a vegetarian diet, consider these pros and cons to make sure it is right for you.

Pros: A vegetarian diet can lower your risk of disease.

Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds are at the heart of a healthy, balanced vegetarian diet. These foods provide an abundance of health-protecting vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber that can lower the risk of common chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, some cancers, and obesity.

Cons: Just because it’s vegetarian doesn’t mean it’s healthy.

On the other hand, if your vegetarian diet includes a lot of highly processed foods instead of whole plant foods, the risk of some chronic diseases may even increase. There are plenty of junk foods that can fit into a vegetarian diet but are not good for you – think soda, chips, and cookies, among others. Packaged vegetarian meals and snacks can contain high amounts of added sugar, sodium, and fat and offer little to no nutritional value. Remember, as with any diet, there are ways to make a vegetarian diet healthy and turn it into a diet disaster.

Pros: You have options when it comes to going vegetarian.

You can determine the type of vegetarian eating plan that will work best for you. Some people cut meat, fish, and poultry from their diet, but eat eggs and dairy products. Others only allow eggs or only dairy products. Some occasionally contain seafood. A vegan diet eliminates all foods that come from animals, even things like honey.

Downside: You may be nutritionally deficient.

Some essential nutrients such as vitamins B12 and D, calcium and iron are not found in many plant foods. Vegetarian diets can provide these nutrients as long as food intake is properly planned, but supplementation is sometimes required. The main sources of these nutrients for vegetarians include:

  • Vitamin B12: Found in animal products such as eggs and milk (as well as meat, fish and poultry). Also found in some fortified grains, nutritional yeast, meat substitutes, and soy milk.
  • Vitamin D: In addition to eggs and fish, it is also found in fortified vegetable milk and mushrooms. Vitamin D is also obtained from exposure to the sun.
  • Calcium: In addition to dairy products, calcium is found in fortified plant-based milk, grains, juice, tofu, kale, kale, broccoli, beans, and almonds.
  • Iron: You can get iron from eggs, but also fortified grains, soy, spinach, Swiss chard, and beans. Combine iron-rich foods with vitamin C-rich foods like citrus fruits, peppers, or tomatoes to increase your intake.

Starting a vegetarian diet can be difficult when shopping for groceries, dining out, and dining in social settings. Over time this will get easier, but will require some work. Read the product labels and familiarize yourself with common animal ingredients like casein, whey, and gelatin. In restaurants, remember that meatless meals can be made with dairy or other animal products such as beef or chicken broth. So ask questions to make a choice that is right for you. If you’re eating at home, it’s best to bring a vegetarian dish that anyone can enjoy.

If you are committed to a vegetarian lifestyle, a registered dietitian can provide helpful tips to better meet your nutritional needs.

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Falling for weight loss myths

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I’m here to warn you about 5 fat loss myths that most people fall for. This may sound like soapbox talk and we apologize, but trust us when we say this is a message that needs to be spread.

Your fat loss depends on it.

Don’t waste time on these:

Myth: Diet pills help with fat loss

It’s so tempting! The commercials make compelling claims about the power of diet pills, but don’t fall for them. The “magic pill” has yet to be discovered (it was discovered – exercise. It just doesn’t come in pill form). Diet pills are more likely to damage your health and burn your wallet than you lose weight.

Don’t take a pill – instead, burn calories with exercise.

Myth: You should starve to lose fat

Trying to lose weight by starving is not only ineffective but also dangerous. It may seem like a severe calorie restriction would result in the fastest weight loss, but your body is complex and doing so disrupts your metabolism and slows down your results.

Don’t starve yourself – instead, eat healthy, small meals throughout the day.

Myth: Lots of crunches will straighten your abs

We all want our midsection to look toned while walking on the beach, but excessive crunches aren’t the solution for tight abs. To achieve a slim look, you need to focus on burning off the layer of fat that covers your abs.

Don’t be obsessed with crunches – focus on burning fat instead.

Myth: Eat Packaged Diet Foods For Quick Results

It is amazing to see what foods are packaged as “diet” or “weight loss” aids. In most cases, these products contain refined sugars and other artificial ingredients that your body doesn’t need.

Don’t eat packaged diet foods – stick to nutritious whole foods instead.

Myth: You have to avoid carbohydrates to lose fat

Carbohydrates get a bad rap, which is unfortunate because you can (and should) eat carbohydrates while you are losing weight. The key is to stick with whole grains, oatmeal, and brown rice while avoiding processed and refined flours and sugars.

Don’t go without all carbohydrates – stick with healthy carbohydrates instead.

Fred Sassani

Now that you know what not to do to look your best this summer, it’s time to go over your beach-ready game plan.

Here’s what you need to know in 3 easy steps:

First: cut out the trash

The best way to do this is to start cleaning your kitchen. Avoid sugary, processed, and high-fat foods. Once the rubbish is cleared away, don’t buy anything more. Remember, your beach-ready abs depend on what you eat – don’t eat trash.

Second: focus on whole foods

Replace the junk food in your life with a lot of the following: cooked and raw vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, moderate amounts of seeds and nuts, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products. Clean eating is that easy.

Third, start an exercise program with a fitness professional

This is the most obvious step. When you’re ready to get into tip-top shape, find a fitness professional who can help you along the way by creating a simple, step-by-step program. Invest in your health and watch the rest of your life change too.

Fred Sassani is the founder of Bodies By Design, a nationally certified personal trainer and nutrition specialist. For comments or questions, you can reach Fred at getfit@bbdforlife.com or visit bbdforlife.com.

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How to Tell if Your Baby is Ready to Stop Drinking Formula – Cleveland Clinic

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Make the formula. Feed your sweetie. Wash, rinse, repeat. For parents of babies who drink infant formula, you did this dance several times a day (and night) for what felt like an eternity. But could the end finally be in sight? When do babies stop drinking milk?

The Cleveland Clinic is a not-for-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our website helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. politics

“A healthy baby should drink breast milk or formula up to the age of 1 year. Formulas are fortified with the vitamins and iron they need, ”says pediatrician Radhai Prabhakaran, MD. “In general, babies aged 9 months to 1 year should have at least 24 ounces per day. But once your baby is on a full diet of nutritious solid foods, switch to cow’s milk, which contains protein and vitamin D. “

Indicates your baby is ready to wean the formula

Whether babies are ready to board the milk express depends on their taste for table food. “Some babies get used to a mostly solid diet early (between 9 and 12 months) because they like it and they are okay with it. If you have a nutritionally balanced diet, it is okay to wean your baby from infant formula before the age of one. “

A healthy solid food diet for a baby should include:

  • Fruit.
  • Grains.
  • Protein from meat, eggs, or boiled beans.
  • Vegetables.

“Gradually reduce the amount of formula you drink as you eat more. Keep offering it to drink because sometimes babies are not full after eating solid foods, ”notes Dr. Prabhakaran. “But wait until they are 1 year old to introduce cow’s milk, even if they wean earlier.”

Signs your baby is NOT ready to wean the formula

Your baby should continue feeding if:

  • You’re not gaining weight.
  • Were born prematurely.
  • Have not established a balanced solid diet.
  • You need to proceed with the formula based on your doctor’s recommendation. (For example, if your baby has food allergies or has trouble digesting food or absorbing nutrients.)

Health conditions that affect how long babies drink formula

Certain underlying health conditions can affect how long it takes your baby to drink formula. Babies may need to stay on the formula longer if they:

“And if your doctor has already told you that your baby may need to be on a special diet, talk to him or her before weaning your baby off the formula,” adds Dr. Prabhakaran added. “They can help you come up with a nutrition plan that will make the transition safer.”

How to wean your baby off formula

If your baby likes the taste of cow’s milk:

  1. Start giving them a 2 to 4 ounce serving of milk for every two or three servings of formula.
  2. For up to 10 days over the next week, increase the servings of milk as you decrease the servings of the formula.
  3. Stop giving milk as soon as you have drunk the milk without any problems.

If your baby prefers the taste of formula:

  1. Build the formula as usual. Do not add cow’s milk to the milk powder.
  2. Mix together 2 ounces of prepared formula and 2 ounces of cow’s milk so you have a 4-ounce drink for your baby.
  3. Feed your baby the mixture.
  4. Over the next week to 10 days, add more milk and less milk to the mixture until it is all cow’s milk.

Bottle or cup?

Get ready to say goodbye to the bottle. Dr. Prabhakaran says that drinking from a bottle is a no-go from the age of 1. “Bottle feeding can affect tooth growth and cause tooth decay.”

Instead, switch your little one to a swallow, straw, or regular cup at around 9 months of age. “When you’re feeling adventurous, wean her off the formula and the bottle at the same time.”

Does my baby still need milk when he wakes up at night?

Dr. Prabhakaran notes that most babies of this age do not need to eat when they wake up at night. “When babies have doubled their birth weight (which happens after about 4 to 6 months) and are eating solid foods regularly, they generally don’t need extra calories and can sleep through the night. So encourage her to go back to sleep. “

Babies of this age also have the most milk teeth, so drinking milk or formula at night can lead to dental problems. Night feeding can also make them too full to eat what they need during the day.

But as always there are exceptions. “If your baby is not gaining weight, your doctor can give you other advice. Breast-fed babies can also take a little longer because the breast milk is digested more quickly. “

When to apply the brakes when stopping the formula

Dr. Prabhakaran says the transition to cow’s milk should be even slower once babies start drinking milk and experience:

  • Dramatic change in her bowel movements.
  • Abundance.

If these symptoms persist or worsen, speak to your baby’s pediatrician about a possible milk allergy. If necessary, your doctor can recommend safe milk alternatives for young children.

Signs that your baby may not tolerate cow’s milk include:

  • Constipation.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Rash.
  • Vomit.

What is the best milk for a 1 year old?

Experts consider whole cow milk to be the best milk for 1-year-olds after weaning. “The general rule is whole milk until they’re 2 years old, unless there are special circumstances,” says Dr. Prabhakaran.

Your doctor may recommend 2% milk instead if your baby:

  • Is difficult for her size.
  • Drink more than the recommended amount of milk (16 to 24 ounces per day or 2 to 3 cups).
  • Is blocked.

Milk alternatives for toddlers

Unsweetened soy milk is one of the best cow milk alternatives for toddlers because it has a similar protein content. But soy milk has fewer calories – which babies need to thrive – than whole milk. The calorie content of unsweetened rice milk is slightly higher, but it contains less protein and more added sugar.

The best way to make a decision, says Dr. Prabhakaran, is to look at your child’s overall diet. “There are so many milk alternatives and the diets of babies are very different. It’s impossible to have a blanket rule of what’s okay. Some children eat a lot of yogurt and cheese. Some babies are vegan. Talk to your baby’s doctor about the best alternative to help your child with certain deficiencies and general nutrition. “

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