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Whole Grains Health

Pet nutrition products are healthier, more functional, and cleaner than ever



Pet health and nutrition products are increasingly resembling human health and nutrition products. You don’t have to wander far down the aisle of the animal supply to see this development on the shelf. When you spell out for pets, the name of the game is the name of the game, using healthier, sophisticated products made from whole, fresh food sources and taking a more holistic approach to overall health.

Amanda Jepson, Senior Director of Marketing and International Sales at Biova, Johnston, IA, argues that pet owners want to treat their pets as well as they do. And they start with ingredient labels.

“Consumers take the health of their pets very seriously,” says Jepson. “While there are pets that need extra support in certain areas like joint health or mood, what is more important for consumers is what a product is free of. Many of these trends are centered on grain-free, preservative-free, raw clean label options. “

As consumers become more educated about nutrition trends and nutritional information in general, they are becoming discerning buyers for their pets. Ingredient suppliers are responding by introducing healthier options and those that have been clinically tested for specific functional benefits.

Substitute ingredients

The pet food market, for example, has long relied on fillers and additives that serve a structural purpose but have no nutritional benefit.

Ronald Figee, Commercial Development Manager of Biomega Group (Hordaland, Norway) says that the sugar alcohol glycerin is one of those ingredients. In pet food, glycerin acts as a sweetener, preservative and binding agent. While Figee recognizes that glycerin is generally recognized as safe (GRAS), he also points out that it does not necessarily provide additional health or nutritional benefits.

Companies like Biomega are stepping in with alternatives. Biomega hypothesized that it could replace glycerin in pet foods with its Salmigo Protect L60 branded hydrolyzed liquid protein product. In 2020, pet food research company Passion4Feed (Sandnes, Norway) conducted an independent study into the development of ingredients in Salmigo to see if the product could mimic the emollient effects of glycerin, says Figee.

“The results concluded that Salmigo Protect L60 offers high digestibility and hypoallergenic benefits, improves the shape and texture of the kibble, significantly improves palatability for cats, and slightly improves palatability for dogs,” reports Figee. “In addition, Salmigo Protect L60 has improved production throughput for manufacturers.”

Figee says pet food reformulation is becoming more common. Pet brands are now trading in certain preservatives, binders, and moisture control agents for nutrient-dense food-grade ingredients that can serve the same structural purpose.

Immune Health for Pets?

Products that support human immune system health are exploding, so it is not surprising that immune system health has recently come to the fore in pet products. While joint health and mobility are still the top concerns for dog owners, immune support and digestive issues are rapidly growing, says Julie Gasper, global portfolio manager for Cargill Health Technologies (Minneapolis, MN).

Cargill’s EpiCor postbiotic line of products has long been established in the human nutrition market. This year Cargill expanded the EpiCor family with the introduction of EpiCor Pets. It’s just another example of ingredients that were historically thought to be “human use” and are now entering the pet area.

“EpiCor Pets is an advanced, natural – as defined by the Association of American Feed Control Officials – immune-boosting product that supports the well-being and vitality of pets,” said Gasper. By increasing the number of beneficial bacteria in the gut, the ingredient helps boost immune and digestive system health.

Trust and transparency are the key for pet owners who increasingly define “high quality pet food” and animal products as natural, recognizable and proven ingredients. “Consumers are hungry for pet food supplements backed by credible research,” adds Gasper. “It’s one of the main reasons we invested in more than a dozen published studies and multiple dog studies” about the company’s ingredient.

Alternative protein

Protein is expected to be a major growth market for animal health in the coming years. Similar to the human nutrition market, alternative protein ingredients are gaining in importance.

Amy McCarthy, vice president of Pet Nutrition at ADM Animal Nutrition (Quincy, IL) says that as consumers switch to a flexible diet for themselves by eating more plant-based foods, they will look to alternative proteins for their pets .

“Owners expect meals to be healthy and nutritious for their four-legged companions, which is fueling a growing interest in alternative ingredients like legumes, yeast, and stale grains in meat-based dog and cat foods,” says McCarthy.

In 2020, market researcher Mintel reported that younger pet owners in particular are interested in plant-based options for their pets. According to the Mintel report, 40% of dog food buyers ages 16 to 24 prefer plant-based dog food, compared with just 21% of dog food buyers ages 55+ .1

With growing interest, says McCarthy, “ADM is also exploring other sources of protein for humans and pets, including mycoproteins from mushrooms and fungi, insect proteins, and fermentative synthetic and cell-based proteins.”

Taking care of aging pets

Consumers purchasing pet health products often seek support for aging animals. As mentioned earlier, joint health remains one of the most popular categories in the pet nutritional supplement market.

Tim Hammond, vice president of sales and marketing for Bergstrom Nutrition (Vancouver, WA), says his company has seen a surge in inquiries for its branded pet ingredient methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), OptiMSM.

“Today, more than ever, premium brands and concerned consumers are placing importance on the safety and origin of the ingredients they make available to their animal companions,” says Hammond. “MSM benefits both active and aging pets by supporting joint health, reducing pain, and improving freedom of movement.”

Skeletomuscular function is also an important factor in pet health, especially as pets age. Ingredients that can help pets maintain muscle health are always of interest.

Recent research shows that a purified algae extract could be a top notch solution. An animal study sponsored by Marinova (Tasmania, Australia) in 20212 examined the effects of Marinova’s fucoidan, a polysaccharide derived from brown algae, on skeletal muscle mass in mice. The mice were randomly assigned to either 1) a control condition with no movement (n = 8), 2) a control condition with movement (n = 10), 3) a fucoidan condition with no movement (n = 10), or 4) a. assigned Fucoidan state with movement (n = 10). The mice in both fucoidan conditions received 400 mg / kg / day fucoidan for four weeks, while the mice in the control conditions received a water placebo. The researchers performed a fatigue test on a motorized treadmill, where the speed was gradually increased. Other tests included a grip strength test and an in situ muscle function test. After four weeks, administration of fucoidan was found to increase muscle size and strength under both exercise and non-exercise conditions compared to placebo.

Krutika Sen, business affairs manager at Marinova, says this study suggests that fucoidan affects skeletal muscle physiology. Marinova is currently working on further research to investigate the effects of fucoidan on muscle maintenance and exercise performance.

“Marinova has identified three animal health markets for fucoidan,” says Sen. “The first is multifunctional ingredients for aging pets. Fucoidan fits this category well. Marinova also sees increased consumption of fucoidan to help combat arthritis and gut health in pets. “

picky parents

Demanding animal parents drive the development of high-quality, healthy and well-researched products. Low-nutrient fillers are rapidly losing popularity as consumers seek transparency and functionality. Organic, GMO and clean label products are still in vogue. And with all of the innovation that is taking place in functional and alternative ingredients, don’t forget the importance of taste / palatability.

Owners consider pets to be family members, says Kristen Marshall, digital marketing manager at Verdure Sciences (Noblesville, IN) and will continue to shop accordingly. “Healthcare products for pets target applications that mimic human counterparts. [These applications include] Joint health and movement, gut and digestive health, stress, mood, immune health, and oral health, to name a few. ”The pet health market often demands flexibility in terms of tolerability, solubility, and dosage of ingredients, she adds, so formulators should be ready be able to change and adapt as needed.


  1. Mintel report. “Four-legged flexitarians: Over a third of UK dog food buyers believe it is good for pets to eat plant-based meals on a regular basis.”
  2. McBean SE et al. “Oral fucoidan improves muscle size and strength in mice.” Physiological Reports, vol. 9, no. 3 (February 2021): e14730
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Whole Grains Health

Harness the power of the body’s hormones for better health



When a hormone is out of whack, you can feel like you’re stuck in the mud or strapped to a runaway horse. Just ask someone with untreated Graves’ or Hashimoto’s disease (these are high or low thyroid levels), hypogonadism (low testosterone or estrogen deficiency), or uncontrolled diabetes. Because hormones are the chemical messengers of your body and have a direct influence on your metabolism, energy level, hunger, cognition, sexual function / reproduction and mood.

There are around 50 hormones in your body and many more hormone-like substances (brain neurotransmitters like serotonin and active vitamin D2 for example). Your pituitary is the “master gland,” it tells other glands to secrete hormones. The other hormone-producing glands are the pineal and adrenal glands, as well as the thymus, thyroid and pancreas – men also produce hormones in their testicles (testosterone) and women in their ovaries (estrogen, progesterone and testosterone). Aside, about 25% of testosterone in women is produced in the ovaries, a quarter in the adrenal gland and half in the peripheral tissue.

It only takes a tiny amount of a few hormones to make big changes in every inch of your body. Therefore, if they are out of whack, it can cause you serious problems. In America, type 2 diabetes is the most common hormone-related disease. This happens when you become insulin resistant and this hormone, which is produced in the pancreas, can no longer regulate blood sugar levels, causing a cascade of health problems from atherosclerosis to neuropathy to kidney disease.

Here’s how you can calm your hormones – and restore your health:

Eat Smartly. The endocrine glands are happy when you eat healthy fats like olive oil, avocado, nuts, and seeds; high fiber foods like fruits and vegetables; lean animal protein such as salmon; and plant-based proteins like 100% whole grains and legumes / beans. This mix of nutrients lets your appetite regulating hormones leptin (I’m full) and ghrelin (I’m hungry) signal you accordingly so you don’t overeat. Overeating and obesity regulate many hormonal systems.

In addition, a healthy diet will nourish your thyroid hormones, which also help regulate weight. Perhaps most importantly, a healthy diet regulates the work of trillions of microbes in your gut biome that help regulate hormone production and produce hormone-like substances.

Cope with stress, sleep peacefully. Cortisol is a hormone released by the adrenal gland in response to stress. When chronically elevated, it can reduce the activity of your hypothalamus, which in turn can lead to imbalances in the messenger substances that affect sleep, eating, sexual activity, and cognition and mood. Then you can get tired and gain weight. Therefore, it is important to regularly exercise, meditate, take deep breaths, hang out with friends, volunteer to help others, and / or talk to a therapist. Healthy sleeping habits are also important for reducing stress and regulating hormones. Growth hormones, testosterone, cortisol and insulin are released during sleep. And studies show a link between chronic lack of sleep and depression and weight gain. For sleep hygiene information, visit

Reduce Chronic Inflammation. Chronic inflammation occurs when your immune response is overstimulated to conditions that interfere with the peaceful functioning of your body. This can happen if you are overweight or obese, addicted to sugar and fast foods, smoke or drink too much, or are constantly under stress. These factors can trigger hormonal changes, such as insulin resistance, low testosterone and vitamin D levels, and increased cortisol, and they power your sympathetic nervous system, increasing your heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, and pupil size, and making your blood vessels narrow .

Plus: Eating healthy foods and managing stress and sleep will help reduce inflammation throughout your body and stabilize your hormones, but you can’t get real success if you’re sitting – 150 minutes or more of exercise per week is essential.

So make friends with your hormones and these powerful messengers will send you good news about your energy levels, sleep satisfaction, aging rate, and happiness.

Mehmet Oz, MD is hosting “The Dr. Oz Show,” and Mike Roizen, MD is the Cleveland Clinic’s Chief Wellness Officer Emeritus. For the healthiest way to live, tune in to The Dr. Oz Show or visit

(c) 2021 Michael Roizen, MD

and Mehmet Oz, MD

King Features Syndicate

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Whole Grains Health

Types of Millets And How Beneficial it is in Losing Weight



Weight Loss Tips: Millet is an essential part of the whole grain family like rice, oats or quinoa. It is originally grown in Asia thousands of years ago. It’s gluten-free, filled with protein, fiber, and antioxidants. Millet is not only famous in India but has also gained in value in western countries.Read also – Weight Loss in Real Life: I was 104 kg, a visit to my daughter’s school changed everything

Millet is high in protein. It contains five grams of protein and one gram of fiber. Both of these ingredients help keep the stomach fuller for longer and reduce the snack habit between meals. This helps in shedding those extra pounds without compromising on your diet. Also Read – Weight Loss: Is It Safe To Eat Only Liquid Food When Losing Weight? Expert speaks | Exclusive

What Are The Health Benefits Of Millet?

Millet is high in antioxidants that help flush harmful radicals out of the body. It contains antioxidant components like quercetin, curcumin, ellagic acid, and other beneficial catechins. These help in eliminating toxins and neutralizing enzymes. It prevents health problems. Also Read – 6 Possible Reasons For Unexpected Weight Gain Explains The Nutritionist

Not only is millet very nutritious, it also has a good amount of fiber stored in it. It helps with digestion and prevents constipation, gas and acidity. It helps avoid digestive problems and prevents gastrointestinal cancer and kidney / liver problems.

  • Reduction of cardiovascular risks

Millet is high in and essential fats that help provide the body with natural fats. It also helps in preventing fat from being stored in the body. Along with this, it lowers the risk of high cholesterol, paralysis, and other heart problems. It contains potassium, which helps to keep an eye on blood pressure and increases blood flow.

What are the different types of millet?

Ragi is known for its iron content. It helps in the production of hemoglobin in red blood cells. It is high in calcium and potassium. Due to the high proportion of fiber, it keeps the stomach fuller for a longer period of time.

Jowar is loaded with nutrients like vitamin B, magnesium, and antioxidants like flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. It helps boost metabolism and improves the quality of hair and skin. The presence of magnesium helps in strengthening bone and heart health.

Bajra is high in protein, fiber, magnesium, iron, and calcium. It’s low in calories and considered the best grain for shedding pounds. It keeps your stomach fuller for a long period of time without increasing your daily calorie count.

Amaranth is high in fiber, protein, magnesium, phosphorus, and iron. It helps improve brain function and prevents certain neurological diseases. It helps build muscle and maintain digestive health. It is also noted that amaranth has more nutrients than quinoa.

Kangni is known as semolina or rice flour. It helps in strengthening the immune system and balancing blood sugar levels as it is high in iron and calcium. It also serves as a better option for shedding those extra pounds. It usually includes low cholesterol, good digestion, and helps in building good heart health.

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Whole Grains Health

Adherence To a Mediterranean Diet Lowers Risk of Diabetes



Author: Kenya Henderson, 2021 PharmD. Candidate, Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

The Role of the Mediterranean Diet: Eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight can potentially reduce the risk of developing diabetes for the US population.

A Mediterranean diet is one of the few healthy eating habits that has been linked to significant health improvements. It is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, legumes, and olive oil and is more common in European countries. It is recommended by the American Heart Association, the American Diabetes Association, and the Dietary Guidelines for Americans to help reduce the risk of chronic disease. In addition, it is linked to a reduced risk of diabetes in Mediterranean and European countries. However, it is unclear that the Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of developing diabetes in the US population. In a large US cohort study with black and white men and women, this study investigated whether Mediterranean eating behavior is linked to the risk of diabetes.

This study was a prospective cohort study that included patients in previous research, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, which looked at the causes of heart disease in over 400,000 adults in the United States. In this study, data were collected from 11,991 participants on their first visit. Participants were excluded if they were Asian or Indian due to the small sample size; were black and from Maryland and Minnesota, unable to decipher the influence of geographic region on race; if they have a history or history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes or cancer; or if they were derived from the answers to the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) or if they had ten or more missing FFQ elements.

One of the statistical methods was an FFQ questionnaire to record the food intake of each patient on their first and third visits. The data recorded from the survey was used in the scores for the Mediterranean Alternative Diet (aMed). The scores ranged from 0 to 9 points, with 1 point being awarded if the patient reported consuming vegetables, fruits, or legumes himself, and 1 point if the patient reported consuming red or processed meat. The higher the aMed score, the higher the adherence to a Mediterranean diet. They also used Cox’s proportional hazard regression models to estimate the hazard ratios and confidence intervals for the associations between aMed scores and incidents of diabetes. Incidence diabetes was defined as: if the patient was diagnosed by a doctor, had taken diabetes medication in the past two weeks, had a fasting blood sugar of 126 mg / dL or more, or a non-fasting blood sugar of 200 mg / dL or above. Variables were also used in the Cox regression analyzes, including energy intake, age, gender, race, educational level, smoking status and physical activity, and clinical mediators of diabetes. They were all stratified by race and body mass index (BMI).

During a median follow-up of 22 years, this analysis found 4,024 cases of diabetes among the 11,991 participants. In summary, aMed scores and incidents of diabetes were higher in blacks than whites, but the risk of diabetes was reduced by up to 17% in both races. In addition, the associations between aMed scores and incidents of diabetes were found to be stronger in patients with a healthy baseline BMI, indicating that obesity or overweight outweighs the benefits of a healthy Mediterranean diet, as shown in the ARIC study and other U.S. Population. Therefore, the results of this study indicate that following a Mediterranean diet without weight loss may not reduce the risk of diabetes in overweight or obese populations. While following a Mediterranean diet could lower the risk of diabetes in people with healthy BMI, the discussion about restricting calories to achieve and maintain a healthy weight should remain one of the most important tasks of diabetes prevention. Overall, eating and following a Mediterranean diet lowers the risk of diabetes in a community-based US population, especially for black and normal weight individuals. Future studies should be conducted to determine whether a Mediterranean diet that results in clinically meaningful weight loss can reduce the future risk of diabetes in those who are overweight or obese.

Practice pearls:

  • Diets high in fiber, fruits, vegetables, fish, and olive oil have been linked to a lower risk of developing diabetes in the US population.
  • There are stronger associations between adherence to the Mediterranean pattern and incidents of diabetes among blacks compared to the US white population.

O’Connor, LE, Hu, EA, Steffen, LM et al. Adherence to Mediterranean eating habits and risk of diabetes in a prospective US cohort study. Nutr. Diabetes 10, 8, (2020).

Kenya Henderson, 2021 PharmD. Candidate, Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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