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Recipes with Whole Wheat Pasta

20 Foods High in Selenium for Thyroid Health



Selenium is basically synonymous with Brazil nuts, but it’s not the only way to get the vital mineral.

This is why your body needs this nutrient: selenium supports reproduction, thyroid function, DNA production, and protects you from inflammation, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

While avoiding selenium deficiency (which is very rare in the US) is important, too much of the nutrient – also known as selenium toxicity – can lead to health problems, including severe gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms, hair loss, muscle tenderness, and (rarely) Death), according to the NIH.

How much selenium do you need per day?

According to the NIH, adults need 55 micrograms of selenium per day. The upper limit or amount that can cause health concerns is 400 micrograms per day.

Read on for a list of foods high in selenium, ranked by their Daily Value (DV). Note that the FDA’s DV percentages are based on consuming 55 micrograms of selenium per day.

1. Brazil nuts: 544.4 mcg, 990% daily value (DV)

Brazil nuts are incredibly high in selenium, so it’s important not to eat more than a few kernels at a time.

Credit: HandmadePictures / iStock / GettyImages

Brazil nuts are great. Because of this, it’s easy to hit your maximum selenium limit without even realizing it. A 1-ounce serving – that’s just four to six nuts – contains 990 percent (!) Of the DV, making it the best source of selenium. Since these numbers are so high, you should only have one or two nuts at a time.

Brazil nuts also contain immune-boosting zinc, magnesium, and fiber.

2. Oysters: 130.9 µg, 238% DV

Oysters are touted for their aphrodisiac properties. There’s actually no scientific evidence to support this, but they contain high levels of selenium, which is important for reproductive health.

Oysters are a top food that is high in selenium and zinc, with 283 percent of the DV for selenium and 257 percent of the DV for zinc per 3 ounces cooked. They also contain more than 1,000 percent of the DV for vitamin B12, which supports cell health.

3. Tilapia: 92.5 mcg, 168% DV

Tilapia is a mild fish that provides heart-healthy fat, lean protein, and 168 percent of the DV for selenium per 6-ounce cooked serving. The FDA and Environmental Protection Agency recommend that adults eat 4 ounces of low-mercury fish like tilapia two to three times a week.

4. Pork Chops: 80.6 mcg, 147% DV

grilled sticky glazed selenium rich pork chops on a plate

Pork chops can be a healthy, lean protein meal that also provides selenium.

Credit: from_my_point_of_view / iStock / GettyImages

While not all pork is created equal in terms of its health benefits – bacon, for example, is high in saturated fat, which aren’t that good for you – lean pork chop can be a nutritious, healthy meal.

A 6 ounce cooked serving contains 147 percent of the DV for selenium, but it’s important to remember that the recommended serving size for meat is 3 ounces according to American dietary guidelines. Try one of these leftover pork recipes.

5. Salmon: 79.6 mcg, 145% DV

Perhaps one of the most nutritious foods on the market, salmon is high in omega-3 fatty acids, lean protein, and selenium – at 145 percent of the DV per 6-ounce cooked serving.

The American Heart Association recommends adults eat about 7 ounces of fish per week as long as it is a low-mercury fish like salmon and whitefish.

6. Kamut: 59.9 µg, 100% DV

Selenium-rich Kamut wheat kernels

Kamut is an ancient grain that contains incredible amounts of nutrients, including selenium, fiber, and protein.

Credit: etienne voss / iStock / GettyImages

Yes, meat is high in selenium, and you might be wondering which plants are high in selenium – apart from Brazil nuts, of course. Kamut is an ancient grain, and for every cup you cook, you get 100 percent of the DV for selenium.

Kamut, popular in the Middle East and Asia, also contains nearly 10 grams of vegetable protein and more than 7 grams of fiber.

7. Chicken breast: 54.2 mcg, 99% DV

Like pork chops, chicken breast is a lean meat that ticks many nutritional boxes, including protein, vitamin B12, iron, and selenium. A 6-ounce cooked serving contains 99 percent of the DV for selenium.

And like pork, chicken is pretty versatile when it comes to dishes and flavors. Try the poultry in these delicious air fryer chicken recipes.

8. Ground turkey: 53.4 mcg, 97% DV

Next time you’re in the mood for a meaty burger, grab the turkey. Poultry, like turkey and chicken, are better meat choices than red meat, which are linked to an increased risk of heart disease, according to a paper published in Circulation in March 2021.

A 6-ounce cooked serving of ground turkey contains 97 percent of the DV for selenium and only 1 gram of saturated fat compared to 3 grams of ground beef.

9. Tofu: 43.8 mcg, 80% DV

Tofu contains complete protein and is a nutritional powerhouse. A 1-cup serving contains 80 percent of the DV for selenium, plus nearly 6 grams of fiber and 44 grams of vegetable protein.

Not sure how to best prepare it? Try one of these flavorful tofu recipes.

10. Whole wheat pasta: 42.5 mcg, 77% DV

Wholegrain selenium-rich spaghetti with a sauce made from tomatoes, mushrooms and parmesan

Whole wheat pasta with selenium, fiber, complex carbohydrates and vegetable protein.

Credit: fermate / iStock / GettyImages

While whole wheat pasta may not be everyone’s favorite pasta, it provides a variety of important nutrients, including fiber, vegetable protein, and 77 percent of the DV for selenium per 1 cup cooked.

Prepare it with your favorite herbs, homemade marinara and some vegetables and it will become one of your favorite vegan dishes with a high selenium content.

11. Shrimp: 42.1 mcg, 76% DV

A 3 ounce cooked serving, or about 12 large shrimp, contains 76 percent of the DV. Shrimp and seafood are also high in vitamin B12 – 59 percent per serving of shrimp – which is important for cell metabolism.

12. Shiitake mushrooms: 36 mcg, 65% DV

Holy Shiitake! This variety of mushrooms adds flavor to your favorite dishes – we like scrambled eggs and frittatas – and 1 cooked cup contains 65 percent of the DV for selenium.

Certain mushrooms can also provide some vitamin D that isn’t often found in foods (the best source is from Mr. Sun).

13. Portobello mushrooms: 26.5 mcg, 48% DV

Grilled selenium-rich portobello bun mushroom burger.  Vegan, gluten-free, grain-free, healthy vegetable hamburgers with guacamole, fresh vegetables and cashew cheese sauce.  Copy space

Portobello mushroom caps make a great burger as they are full of umami flavor.

Credit: sveta_zarzamora / iStock / GettyImages

Grill a portobello mushroom the next time you grill: they will be a hit with plant-based eaters and a nutrient-rich dish with protein, fiber, vitamin D and selenium.

A 1 cup cooked serving contains 48 percent of the DV for selenium. (If you end up grilling, a large portobello cap is just under 1 cup serving size.)

14. Sunflower seeds: 22.5 mcg, 41% DV

If you can’t stop with a few Brazil nuts (which you should because they’re high in selenium), load up the tiny sunflower seeds instead. A 1-ounce serving gives you 41 percent of the DV for selenium, which makes it a great salad topper or oatmeal or yogurt mix-in.

Along with unsaturated fatty acids, vegetable protein and fiber, sunflower seeds are one of the top foods high in vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant.

15. Navy Beans: 15.2 mcg, 28% DV

There are few things that beans cannot. They’re high in vegetable protein, fiber, and low in fat. White beans are small, quick-cooking beans that can add 28 percent of the DV for selenium per cup.

Along with rice, beans provide all of the nine essential amino acids needed to make complete protein, which is what makes beans such a popular plant-based food item. Try one of these bean recipes that are a punch in flavor and nutrients.

16. Peanut Butter: 12.9 mcg, 24% DV

Peanut butter is a crowd-pleaser for good reason. It obviously tastes great, and it’s an easy way to tick off a host’s nutrients: selenium – 24 percent of the DV per 2-tablespoon serving – protein, non-heme (or vegetable) iron, and healthy fat.

And shhh! There are many ways to use peanut butter that isn’t in a sandwich (although this is one of our favorites).

17. Oatmeal: 12.6 mcg, 23% DV

Do you know what goes with peanut butter? Oatmeal. And oatmeal is a great way to start the day, thanks to its filling fiber – especially beta-glucan, which the FDA says has been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease.

One cup of cooked oatmeal also has 23 percent of the DV for selenium, plus iron and protein.

18. Brown rice: 11.7 mcg, 21% DV

Selenium-rich brown rice in bowl

Brown rice is a healthy base for every meal thanks to its selenium, fiber and protein content.

Credit: Amarita / iStock / GettyImages

Another healthy grain is brown rice, which provides protein, fiber, and 21 percent of the DV for selenium per 1 cup serving.

In general, brown rice is considered better for you than white rice because it is a whole grain, which means it has more nutrients in it. So while brown rice has become known for its high levels of arsenic – it contains 80 percent more arsenic than its white counterpart, according to the National Celiac Association – it’s best to mix and match it, according to a study by Dartmouth College.

19. Flaxseed: 7.2 µg, 13% DV

Ground flax seeds, which are more easily digested than whole seeds, provide many nutrients, including selenium – 13 percent of the DV per 1-ounce serving – fiber and healthy fat.

Flaxseeds have a mild, nutty taste that mixes well with yogurt, muesli, oatmeal, and smoothies.

20. Asparagus: 3.1 µg, 6% DV

grilled selenium-rich asparagus

Asparagus is a summer favorite thanks to its grillability.

Credit: eyecrave / iStock / GettyImages

When it comes to plant-based sources of selenium, grains, nuts, seeds, and mushrooms are best. But there are some vegetables that provide selenium, even if just a little. Per 1-cup serving, asparagus contains 6 percent of the DV for selenium.

Asparagus also contains fiber, iron, and is an excellent source of vitamin K.

Recipes with Whole Wheat Pasta

Guiding the way to thrive



Jan Juc naturopath Rebecca Winkler has always found joy in the practice of cooking nourishing meals for others.

That pastime spilled over into developing recipes and it was during lockdown that her culinary passion led her to become a qualified plant-based chef and a raw dessert chef.

Now the mum-of-two has expertly thrown all of her skills into the mix to achieve a long-held goal of producing a book.

Released as an eBook, with a print version to hopefully follow, 14 Day Whole Food Feast is a comprehensive two-week meal plan designed to nourish the body and delight the tastebuds.

Within its pages are recipes for whole food snacks, lunch and dinner meals, lunchbox ideas, and time-saving tips.

14 Day Whole Food Feast by Rebecca Winkler is available now as an eBook.

“My motivation was both personal and professional,” Rebecca says.

“On a professional note, I found so many patients were having difficulty finding family-friendly, whole food recipes to help them navigate various dietary needs.

“The recipes are easy to follow, a shopping list is provided and time frames are taken into account so slower cooked meals or more time-consuming recipes are saved for weekends.”

Rebecca says the eBook can function purely as a recipe resource or be followed meticulously for a 14-day reset.

“Food prep guidance is given at the start of each week in order to get ahead and be organized as possible.

The eBook includes lunch, dinner and snack ideas, as well as shopping lists and naturopathic advice.

“Dinners are often incorporated into leftovers for lunch the next day and naturopathic guidance is provided around ways to maximize your time by incorporating regular exercise and practicing self-care.”

The idea for the book began to brew in 2019 during a solo trip Rebecca took with colleagues which gave her the space to establish a clear vision for the content she wanted to share.

“I began developing and refining recipe, enlisting a beautiful photographer and graphics team to allow my dream to be realised.

“The long-term plan is to release a number of other eBooks and, eventually, print a hard copy, real-life book to be loved and to splash your chocolate and bolognaise sauce on. The kind of recipe book that you find yourself grabbing time and time again.”

The eBook is filled with nutritious recipes and much more.

So, what are some of Rebecca’s personal favorites featured in her carefully curated eBook?

“Ooh, that’s like trying to choose a favorite child,” she laughs.

“I know it might seem boring, but the slow-cooked bolognaise with hand-made gluten-free fettucine is an absolute favourite.
“We make it weekly in my house and every time my kids exclaim ‘this is the best bolognaise ever’.”

The slow cooked beef pie, kafir lime chicken balls and whole food cranberry bliss balls are also hard to pass up, she says.

Rebecca avoids listing ideal ingredients for people to incorporate into their diet, instead saying the most beneficial ingredients are those that make you feel at your best.

“Not everyone tolerates grains, some don’t tolerate fruit, others have difficulty digesting meat and protein.

“My advice is to listen and take note of how your body feels when you eat.

“Are you bloated, do you have pain in your gut, loose stools, headaches or fatigue?

Rebecca is a qualified naturopath, as well as being a plant-based chef and raw dessert chef.

“I am more inclined to advise people to source good quality ingredients, grow what they can, and cook from scratch as much as time and money allows.

“Eat three meals a day and snack only if you are hungry, growing, pregnant or exercising.

“Try to consume 30-35ml of water per kg of body weight. Add plenty of vegetables, fresh herbs, variety and colour.

“Our gut flora thrives on variety, so mix up your veggies, fruits, grain, legumes and proteins. Eat the rainbow.”

To get the most out of the eBook, the author suggests reading it from cover-to-cover and choosing a 14-day period where you are at home and have minimal social engagements.

Rebecca is passionate about naturopathy which she describes as a holistic, comprehensive view of the body in its entirety and “a wonderful adjunct to Western Medicine for patients as it ensures medical due diligence is exercised, adequate diagnostic testing where appropriate and an individualized approach to restoring health”.

Rebecca’s advice is to “eat the rainbow” when it comes to healthy food choices.

She says many of her clients are seeking ways to regain optimal health following extended periods of lockdown during the pandemic.

“There is no doubt that most of us found ourselves allowing more in alcohol and comfort foods over lockdown, which is nothing to feel ashamed about.

“In such a difficult, confining and overwhelming time, we sought comfort where ever it may lie for us.

“This is not a failure, it was merely a way for so many to cope. I never judge anyone’s choices, I merely try to support, understand and listen.

“Often we already know what we need to do to rebuild or move forward, simply sharing and being heard without shame or judgment is therapeutic.

“I cannot describe to you the genuine joy that seeing people thrive provides.”

14 Day Whole Food Feast retails for $19.95 and on the Rebecca Winkler website. Discover more and contact Rebecca via her Facebook page, Instagram @rebeccawinklernaturopath or email [email protected]

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Recipes with Whole Wheat Pasta

Get to know farro and other superfood whole grains



By Casey Barber, CNN

Quinoa has reached a level of superfood status not seen since the great kale takeover of the aughts. Equally embraced and mocked in pop culture, it’s become the symbol of the grain bowl generation. It’s not the only whole grain that’s worth bringing to the table, however.

The world of whole grains is wide, and if quinoa and brown rice have been the only grains on your plate, it’s time to expand your palate. Here’s an introduction to whole grains, along with tips for cooking and enjoying them.

What’s a whole grain?

The term “whole grains” encompasses all grains and seeds that are, well, whole. They retain all their edible parts: the fiber-rich outer bran layer; the carbohydrate-rich endosperm center, which makes up the bulk of the grain itself; and the inner core, or germ, which is packed with vitamins, protein and healthy fats.

On the other hand, refined grains such as white rice and all-purpose flour have been milled to remove the bran and germ, stripping away much of the fiber, protein and vitamins, and leaving only the starchy endosperm.

“A lot of people don’t realize that whole grains contain several grams of protein in addition to vitamins and antioxidants,” said Nikita Kapur, a registered dietitian nutritionist in New York City. With every serving of whole grains, “you get a ton of minerals, B vitamins and fiber, which is especially important for good health.”

So-called “ancient grains” fall under the umbrella of whole grains, though the phrase is more of a marketing term than a marker of a more nutritious option. Ancient grains refer to whole grains like millet, amaranth, kamut and, yes, quinoa that have been the staple foods of cultures for several hundred years. They are not hybridized or selectively bred varieties of grains, like most modern wheat, rice and corn.

And though quinoa has gotten all the press as a whole grain superfood, there’s good reason to try others. Trying a variety of whole grains isn’t just a way to mix up your same-old side dish routine. It’s also a chance to get a wider portfolio of minerals and more into your diet.

“Suffice to say, we need to have a more diverse plant-based diet” to get the full complement of recommended nutrients in our meals, Kapur said, “and we can’t get it from the same 10 or 20 foods.

“One grain might have more manganese, another more zinc or magnesium, and another more protein,” she added. “Try one as a pasta, one as a porridge — you do you, as long as there’s a variety.”

Familiar foods like oats, corn, brown and other colors of rice, as well as wild rice (which is an aquatic grass), are all considered whole grains, but there are many others you’ll want to add to your regular repertoire.

Some whole grains to get to know

amaranth is a tiny gluten-free grain that can be simmered until soft for a creamy polenta-like dish, but it also makes a deliciously crunchy addition to homemade energy bars or yogurt bowls when it’s been toasted. To toast amaranth seeds, cook over medium heat in a dry pan, shaking frequently until they begin to pop like minuscule popcorn kernels.

Buckwheat is gluten-free and botanically related to rhubarb, but these polygonal seeds (also called groats) don’t taste anything like fruit. You might already be familiar with buckwheat flour, used in pancakes and soba noodles, or Eastern European kasha, which is simply toasted buckwheat.

Faro is the overarching Italian name for three forms of ancient wheat: farro piccolo, or einkorn; farro medio, or emmer; and farro grande, or spelled. The farro you typically find at the store is the emmer variety, and it’s a rustic, pumped-up wheat berry that’s ideal as a grain bowl base. Or make an Italian-inspired creamy Parmesan farro risotto.

Freekeh is a wheat variety that’s harvested when unripe, then roasted for a surprisingly smoky, nutty flavor and chewy texture. Freekeh’s taste is distinctive enough that it steals the spotlight in your meals, so use it in ways that highlight its flavor. It’s fantastic in a vegetarian burrito bowl paired with spicy salsa, or in a warming chicken stew.

kamut is actually the trademarked brand name for an ancient type of wheat called Khorasan, which features large grains, a mild taste and tender texture. It’s a good, neutral substitute for brown rice in a pilaf or as a side dish. Or try this high-protein grain in a salad with bold flavors like arugula, blood orange and walnut.

millet is a gluten-free seed with a cooked texture similar to couscous. Teff is a small variety of millet that’s most frequently used as the flour base for Ethiopian injera flatbread. Try raw millet mixed into batters and doughs for a bit of crunch, like in this millet skillet cornbread recipe, or use either teff or millet cooked in a breakfast porridge.

How to cook any whole grain

While cooking times vary for each grain, there’s one way to cook any whole grain, whether it’s a tiny seed or a large, chewy kernel: Boil the grains like pasta.

Bring a large pot of water to a boil and add a handful of kosher salt. Add the grains and cook, tasting as you go, until tender. Small grains like amaranth and quinoa can cook fully in five to 15 minutes, while larger grains like farro and wild rice can take anywhere from 30 minutes to one hour — so keep an eye on your pot and check it frequently.

Drain well in a mesh strainer (to catch all those small grains) and either use immediately or allow to cool slightly, then refrigerate for later meals. Cooked whole grains can also be portioned, frozen and stored in airtight bags for up to six months.

If you want to cook your whole grains in an Instant Pot or other multicooker, this chart offers grain-to-water ratios for many of the grains mentioned here.

The CNN Wire
™ & © 2021 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.

Casey Barber is a food writer, illustrator and photographer; the author of “Pierogi Love: New Takes on an Old-World Comfort Food” and “Classic Snacks Made from Scratch: 70 Homemade Versions of Your Favorite Brand-Name Treats”; and editor of the website Good. foods Stories.

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Recipes with Whole Wheat Pasta

Travel: A quaint county seat with Mayberry charm | Lifestyles – Travel



I finally ventured out for my first road trip of 2022 earlier this month. It’s been way too long since I took a little trip and it was long overdue. My last little getaway was in Chicago the week of Christmas. The day I returned I wasn’t feeling very well and an at-home test confirmed that I had COVID — again.

The first time was in November 2020 and it was a severe case that landed me in the hospital with pneumonia and difficulty breathing and then many months of recovery. Luckily this time around it just lasted a couple of weeks. At the same time I was pushing through COVID we were in the process of moving. And my Dad, who had tested positive for COVID not long before me, passed away. So, it’s been a heck of a start to 2022. A getaway was much needed.

It was a brief 24 hours in the Indianapolis area, but as always I packed a bit in and had a lot of good food. On our way down we stopped off in Rensselaer for lunch at Fenwick Farms Brewing Co. and took a little walk to check out the murals that are part of the Ren Art Walk. That evening I attended a media opening of the newly reopened Dinosphere exhibit at the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis.

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It’s a place I adore and still enjoy visiting even though my kids are teenagers and young adults now. I love being greeted by the huge Bumblebee character on the way in from what is probably my favorite action move, “The Transformers.” The largest children’s museum in the world has so much to see and I’ve loved having the chance to explore it both with and without my kids.

After the event it was a quick overnight at Staybridge Suites in Plainfield, and in the morning we headed to Danville. Danville is the county seat of Hendricks County. I adore county seats with downtown squares and this is one of my favorites. On an earlier visit there we were in town for the Mayberry in the Midwest festival, which had lots of activities related to the classic TV show “The Andy Griffith Show” that was set in the fictional town of Mayberry.

Danville definitely has that charming, inviting, friendly small town vibe that feels like it could be a sitcom setting. We ate at the Mayberry Cafe where old episodes play on television screens and the menu is full of down-home, made-with-love comfort foods, with a specialty being “Aunt Bee’s Famous Fried Chicken.” I tried it and it was very tasty. The whole place made me smile like Opie after a fishing outing with his dad.

This time our dining destination was The Bread Basket. I had tried their desserts at a few events, but it was my first time dining in. It’s located in a house that was built for the president of Central Normal College in 1914 and is cute and cozy. It’s a breakfast and lunch spot, so plan to go early and be prepared for a wait during peak times (but it’s well worth it).

My Dilly Turkey Sandwich on fresh wheat nut bread with an Orchard Salad was delicious. I loved that they had a combo option where you could pick a half sandwich and half salad or cup of soup. But the desserts are the real star here. I stared at that dessert case for several minutes — and I wasn’t the only one.

I was seated next to it, and watched intently each time they removed a pie or cake from the case to cut a slice. I tried the Hummingbird Cake, which was a perfect treat without being too rich, and then noticed another that was so unique I had to get a slice to take home — the Blackberry Wine Chocolate Cake. If you go there and are overwhelmed with choices, go with this. You won’t regret it.

After lunch, we made our way over to the Hendricks County Historical Museum & Old County Jail, which is just off the square. For someone like me who loves history, this was a wonderful stop to incorporate into our day. It was built in 1866 and used as a jail all the way up until 1974. You can go into the old jail cells (two on the female side and four on the male side) and tour the sheriff’s home.

An exhibit has information and artifacts from when Central Normal College existed (later Canterbury College). There’s also a temporary chronological exhibit about music and musicians, featuring many Hoosier hitmakers.

After the visit, I took a breezy little walk around the square, where I was reminded that there is a nostalgic old movie theater. The historic Danville Royal Theater dates back to the early 1900s and shows current movies for just $5 a ticket.

It was then getting close to dinner time, so we decided to eat before we headed back home. A place in the nearby town of North Salem had been recommend to me and I am so glad we took time to visit. I chatted for a few minutes with Damiano Perillo, owner of Perillo’s Pizzeria. He’s a native of Palermo, the capital of Sicily. The food is authentic and almost all of it is made fresh daily, including their garlic rolls, marinara and alfredo sauces. The New York-style pizzas are perfection.

They even have a nearby garden where they grow many of the fresh vegetables and herbs used in their dishes. They have gluten free pastas, too, and the lady at the next table had some and was raving about it. We also tried the homemade Sicilian cannoli and the limoncello flute, and trust me when I say to definitely not skip dessert.

There was one last food stop. Although we had just eaten, I realized we’d be driving right by Rusted Silo Southern BBQ & Brewhouse in Lizton and just couldn’t pass it up. I made my husband pull in and pick up some food to go. We got the brisket and their house made pimento cheese, chorizo ​​and kielbasa and took it home. I was introduced to it last fall and there is a reason they have been voted Best BBQ in the Indy area four years in a row. I loved hearing about how this eatery located next to a railroad literally stops trains in their tracks to get food from this award-winning BBQ joint.

All three of these places — The Bread Basket, Perillo’s Pizzeria and Rusted Silo are ones that you should absolutely include in your itinerary if you happen to be in the Indianapolis area.

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