Breast milk is the best nutrition for newborns. The World Health Organization and all leading health agencies recommend only breast milk for at least the first six months of a baby’s life. Breast milk is the baby’s first food that promotes growth and development. It contains all the nutrients a baby needs to thrive – all-in-one. Breast milk is critical to building immunity, brain development, and healthy growth. Further advantages are the easy accessibility, no worries about cleanliness or temperature control – a ready, trouble-free meal.
Breastfeeding mothers also need healthy diets to maintain their health and to easily feed their baby. Each nutrient helps make this a happy and enjoyable phase of your life.
Nutrition tips for nursing mothers
The body uses a lot of energy for milk production, so the calorie requirement remains at an additional 300-350 Kcal / day. Choose whole grains to keep your body energized, they are nutritious and add healthy calories. Fruits, dairy products, healthy fats from vegetable oils, and nuts and seeds are other good choices to meet your energy needs. Avoid excess simple sugars from juices, sugary drinks and sweets.
Also read: Nutrition table for pregnant women and 5 important nutrients for a healthy pregnancy
Help boost milk production. In addition, they help your body recover from the stresses of the baby’s birth. Good protein choices include dairy, eggs, chicken, meat, legumes, and low-mercury seafood. Grains like quinoa and amaranth are also good sources of protein.
fats and oils
Oils are not only concentrated sources of energy, they also add flavor to our dishes. Healthy oils not only promote the baby’s growth, but also aid in the development of the brain and nervous system.
Vitamins and minerals
Mothers who consume sufficient amounts of micronutrients pass on sufficient amounts to the child. If the mother is deficient in vitamins or minerals, her baby’s growth can be hindered. Vitamin B12 is needed to support brain development and healthy red blood cell production – non-vegetarian foods are a good source of vitamin B12. A vegetarian mother may consider supplementation with the guidance of her doctor. Iodine is an important mineral during pregnancy and breastfeeding. An iodine-deficient mother may not be able to adequately nourish the child’s cognitive and psychomotor development. Iodized salt is the easiest way to include iodine in your food along with milk, seafood, and eggs. Calcium and folic acid are also required in sufficient quantities.
Also read: 7 foods that can naturally improve milk production
Some common concerns from nursing mothers are:
1. Weight gain: Breastfeeding is the best way to lose weight. Breast milk production is high in calories. Consuming adequate calories from nutrient-rich sources will keep you energized and also lose the extra weight. Restricting calories can lead to decreased milk production and poor quality nutrient intake, which can have a negative impact on your health and that of your child.
2. How much fluid is required? Hydration is of the utmost importance to our body. Drink enough water and calorie-free fluids, about 35-45 ml / kg body weight, pay attention to the color of your urine, when it is dark, drink more water. Ingesting water or fluids before feeding will help with milk production.
3. Do the foods a mother eats affect the baby: Everything that the mother consumes can be passed on to the baby. Certain foods can cause colicky pain in the child or the child may develop a rash too, if you can identify these triggers avoid the same.
Food to Avoid:
1. alcohol in breast milk is not safe for your baby. Avoid alcohol until you breastfeed your baby. Alcohol causes lack of energy in babies and a host of other health problems.
2. Caffeine: E.Excessive intake of caffeine in the form of 4-10 cups of coffee or tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, chocolate can cause irritability and sleep disorders in the baby. 1-2 cups / day are harmless.
3. Mercury: Mercury can get into a mother’s diet through fish, and it can be very dangerous. Pay attention to the source of the fish or avoid them altogether.
Adequate milk production is also a problem for some mothers. Certain foods are a rich source of compounds called galactagogues that help induce, maintain, and increase milk production in humans. Foods that contain galactogogens include:
- Fenugreek methi
- Fennel & Anise: Saunf and Moti Saunf
- Herbs like Shatavari
In addition, certain herbs and spices that were traditionally used and recommended by Ayurveda to increase milk production are included:
Powdered ginger, cardamom and saffron.
Choosing a variety of foods will help change the taste of your milk, which means it will be easier when the baby is ready to wean. Variety also ensures that you get the maximum amount of nutrients in your meal. Feeding your baby is also an emotionally very satisfying moment for both mother and child, enjoy it.
Stay healthy, stay healthy!
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are the personal opinions of the author. NDTV is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of the information in this article. All information is provided “as is”. The information, facts, or opinions contained in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV assumes no responsibility or liability for them.
Crush sugar cravings with dried fruit, dietician explains how a sweet treat can work wonders
When consumed, sugar and refined carbohydrates raise insulin levels in the body, a condition that triggers hunger pangs and compels you to eat more. | Photo credit: iStock Images
- For a diabetic, heart patient, or obese person, one of the biggest challenges is avoiding sugar cravings.
- Being a sweet dried fruit, plums crush sugar cravings by giving your body the sweetness it craves, with no artificial or added sugars.
- It’s a safe way to satisfy a sweet tooth with a touch of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants in the same serving.
New Delhi: For a diabetic, heart patient, or obese person, one of the biggest challenges is avoiding sugar cravings. Sweets, baked goods, desserts and other sweet treats have this effect on people – you just can’t help but crave these foods – even more so when advised against. When consumed, sugar and refined carbohydrates raise insulin levels in the body, a condition that triggers hunger pangs and compels you to eat more. Over time, calorie intake increases and you may end up gaining weight.
That being said, many hours are often spent wondering how to beat sugar cravings for good; and according to experts, there’s a sweet and healthy treat that can work well. Continue reading.
Sugar Cravings: Is There a Way to Curb It?
One of the best ways to curb sugar cravings is to eat a nutrient-dense diet throughout the day that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats. When macronutrients like protein, complex carbohydrates and healthy fats come together, they induce satiety, stop hunger pangs and effectively lower calorie intake. However, if sugar cravings continue to bother you, the best way to curb them is to help yourself with some prunes or prunes.
According to the author of The First Time Mom’s Pregnancy Cookbook and Fueling Male Fertility, prunes can curb sugar cravings for a variety of reasons. For starters, this dried fruit is a filling treat that’s high in carbohydrates, fiber, vitamin A, vitamins B2 and B3, and vitamin K. Also, snacking on plums is known to induce a feeling of satiety and also reduce hunger pangs. According to a study published in the Journal of Nutrition Bulletin, people who snacked on prunes ate fewer calories than those who snacked on jelly beans or raisins.
And that’s not all, since plums are a sweet dried fruit, they crush sugar cravings by giving your body the sweetness it craves, with no artificial or added sugars. It’s a safe way to satisfy a sweet tooth with a touch of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants in the same serving. Each serving of this dried fruit contains 3.5 grams of natural sugars and 0.5 grams of fiber.
Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in this article are for general informational purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a nutritionist before beginning any fitness program or changing your diet.
Sneaky Sources of Added Sugar
There’s a common misconception that sugar is only found in foods that are known to be sweet — sugary drinks, desserts, and candy. Yes, those are the obvious culprits. But what about the ketchup you dip your fries in, the dressing you drizzle liberally on your salad, or the bread you use on sandwiches?
None of these foods sound particularly bad to you, but they all contain sugar that can quickly bog down your daily calorie intake. Although organizations like the American Heart Association and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend limiting sugar intake, Americans still eat about 17 teaspoons of added sugar (272 calories) a day. To keep those sugars from affecting your health or waistline, we’ve highlighted nearly a dozen different food products that contain surprisingly high levels of added sugar.
Is Sugar Unhealthy?
Usually, when you hear the word sugar, delicious sweets, desserts and sugary drinks come to mind. These are called added sugars. You can also consume sugar naturally by eating fruits, vegetables, and dairy products.
These foods contain carbohydrates. During the digestive process, starch is converted into a sugar known as glucose. Glucose enters your bloodstream and serves as your body’s main fuel source. Simply put, you need sugar—as long as you get it from the right sources.
Eating foods with too much added sugar can lead to insulin resistance, which is when your body doesn’t respond to insulin. This causes a domino of events leading to high blood sugar. When too much glucose enters the bloodstream, the pancreas works hard to secrete insulin — a hormone that helps cells and tissues use and store glucose — so blood sugar has somewhere to go.
Over time, the cells become resistant to the excess insulin and blood sugar levels continue to rise. This resistance can lead to prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Meanwhile, the pancreas continues to produce insulin and sends excess blood sugar to the liver and muscles. The liver can only hold so much glucose, and the rest ends up in fat cells, leading to weight gain.
There is also a psychological effect of sugar. When digested, sugar releases dopamine, a chemical that controls how you perceive pleasure. It can also increase serotonin production, which can improve your mood. For these reasons, sugar is often considered addictive.
What is added sugar?
As the name suggests, added sugar is added to foods during the manufacturing process. Examples are adding sugar to baked goods or to tea to make sweet tea.
Most of the sugar Americans consume comes from sucrose, a combination of glucose and fructose, better known as table sugar. However, food labels are still confusing, largely because food manufacturers try to remain silent about added sugars. In other words, foods can have added sugars even without the word “sugar.”
Here are some common types of added sugars found on food labels:
- Processed sugar molecules – fructose, sucrose, dextrose, maltose
- Syrups – rice syrup, maple syrup, corn syrup, brown rice syrup
- Natural sweeteners – honey, molasses, agave
- Processed Fructose – Fruit Concentrates, Fruit Nectar (Peach Nectar, Pear Nectar), Sugar Cane Juice
Sugar shouldn’t make up more than 10 percent of your daily caloric intake, according to the dietary guidelines for Americans. For the average person on a 2,000-calorie diet, that’s 200 calories, or 12 teaspoons of sugar. Added sugar can build up quickly. For example, a 12-ounce can of soda can contain up to 10 teaspoons of sugar. That’s almost all the recommended added sugars in one sitting!
Natural sugar vs. added sugar
If you’ve ever bitten into a strawberry or eaten fresh corn in the summer, the sweetness your taste buds pick up is called natural sugar. The most common natural sugars include fructose (fruit sugar), lactose (milk sugar), and maltose (found in germinating grains).
Sugar is sugar, even if it occurs naturally, right? Yes, but the context is important. Once sugar enters your body, the digestive system sees natural sugar and added sugar the same and processes them as such.
So, yes, although certain fruits and vegetables are high in sugar, they also contain fiber, vitamins, and minerals. The structural complexity of these foods results in a slower digestion process – as opposed to a rapid release of glucose – which keeps you feeling full for longer. So you don’t have to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables to feel full, which keeps the amount of sugar you eat in check.
Added sugar, on the other hand, does not provide any nutrients or dietary benefits to slow down digestion. That’s why they’re commonly referred to as empty calories — there’s a reason you can eat half a dozen sugar-packed cookies and not feel full.
foods with added sugar
A few grams of added sugar may not seem like much, but they can add up quickly since there are four calories in one gram. Watch out for these hidden sugars in your next meal!
Ketchup, salad dressings, and barbecue sauce are the biggest culprits here. In each case, sugar is added during the manufacturing process for flavor and balance. Think of it this way: Vinegar is a key ingredient in ketchup, dressings, and barbecue sauce, and sweetness is a way to keep the acidity from becoming too strong.
A tablespoon of any of these condiments can contain several grams of sugar, which when eating a burger and fries can add a teaspoon or more of sugar. Look for condiments with little or no added sugar.
Despite the long list of ingredients listed on packaged bread, it only takes three simple ingredients to make it — flour, water, and a leavening agent (natural sourdough starter, or yeast). But like many packaged goods, sugar and salt are added to breads to enhance their flavor.
And yes, that goes for white bread as well as white bread. Making a sandwich with two slices of whole wheat bread adds 6 grams of sugar to your meal. Check the labels, too, as some organic breads may seem good for you, but the addition of cane sugar and molasses adds up to 8 grams of sugar for two slices.
Fat-free and low-fat products are among the main culprits when it comes to added sugars. Fat equals flavor, so food manufacturers need to add flavor when removing fat from their products. The solution? Add sugar to improve flavor. For example, one cup of non-fat yogurt has 18 grams of added sugar.
Depending on the brand, ½ cup of store-bought marinara sauce contains up to 4 to 5 grams of added sugar. Manufacturers add sugar to tone down the acidity of the tomatoes. However, tomatoes have enough natural sugars of their own to provide sweetness. When shopping, look for brands with low or no added sugar. Not all brands of tomato sauce are guilty of adding sugar, so be sure to check the labels.
Dairy products alone have natural sugars from lactose. Additionally, many yogurt brands add sugar to enhance flavor — just ⅔ cup of vanilla yogurt has 17 grams of added sugar. It is best to choose unsweetened whole milk yoghurt.
Between the added sugars in pizza dough and marinara sauce, a single pizza slice can contain several grams of sugar. The amount of added sugar can creep even higher if the pizza includes pepperoni or sausage. Sugar is often added to these processed meats during the manufacturing process.
In theory, peanut butter should have one ingredient – dry roasted peanuts (maybe with added sea salt). The reality is that many commercial jars of peanut butter contain several grams of sugar to enhance the flavor. Be wary of brands with the words “high fructose corn syrup” or any type of sugar alternative in the ingredients list.
The obvious sources of added sugar are the sugary cereals that kids love to eat. But even so-called healthier options like raisin bran (9 grams of added sugar per cup) or bran flakes (6 grams of added sugar per cup) have added sugars that can sneak in. Plain oatmeal is a healthier breakfast alternative. You can even sprinkle in fresh fruit like strawberries for a natural sweetness.
Although it may seem harmless, many types of dried fruit contain added sugars to make them taste better. Dried cranberries are a perfect example. They’re too tart on their own, so sugar is added to make them tastier. Dehydrating fruit also removes moisture, making each piece of fruit smaller than fresh fruit. This makes it easy to overeat and increase sugar intake.
Again, what could be so bad about fruit in a can? Most canned fruit is packed in high fructose corn syrup, which helps preserve the fruit and add flavor to it. Fresh fruit is always the best option when available. Look for frozen fruit in the frozen section of your grocery store during the winter months.
You can find more trending topics and the latest health news on the INTEGRIS Health For You blog.
Mediterranean diet food list: Tips and cooking tools
When you think of the Mediterranean, it’s easy to let your mind wander to a happy place — relaxing on a hilltop with a beautiful view of the sea while munching on olives, a platter of vegetables, and some fish. Sounds pretty nice right? Well, we can’t provide the views, but we can help you create a list of Mediterranean diet foods to help you eat healthier.
Put simply, “The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional eating habits of southern European countries (mainly Italy, Greece, Spain), with an emphasis on olive oil as an important part of a heart-healthy diet,” explains holistic nutritionist Kristen Ciccolini.
And it’s great for your overall health, says nutritionist Kelly Schmidt: “The Mediterranean diet is one of the most studied diets and is highly recommended by many health organizations and institutions, and even the US News & World Report consistently ranks the Mediterranean diet as the one.” overall healthiest diet.”
It really is for anyone trying to improve their overall health, says Schmidt. “Anyone trying to improve their health and nutrition can take the Mediterranean Diet as a template and adapt elements of that diet to their needs,” she says. If you’ve tried all kinds of keto or low-carb diets, the Mediterranean diet might be right for you.
Wondering if you can follow this plan? Ciccolini explains what to expect: “It’s essentially a whole food diet, focusing on fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, herbs and spices, and poultry, as well as omega-3s and monounsaturated fats Seafood and olive oil.” Here are some essential items to include on your Mediterranean Diet food list.
Brightland The Duo ($74; brightland.co)
Olive oil is a cornerstone of the Mediterranean diet and this set offers one oil for cooking and one for dressing and dipping – perfect for all those mezze platters you’ll be making! View our review of Brightland Olive Oil here.
Snack on these great-tasting olives, grown in Greece without the use of pesticides.
Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, salmon is a big part of the Mediterranean diet. This box of quality salmon will keep you on track.
Saffron Road combined two Mediterranean favorites with their crispy falafel chickpeas.
Greek yogurt — yogurt that’s been strained to remove extra lactose and sugar and rich in calcium and vitamin D — is another staple of the Mediterranean diet.
“The 30-Minute Mediterranean Diet Cookbook: 101 Easy, Flavorful Recipes for Lifelong Health” by Serena Ball & Deanna Segrave-Daly ($15.15; amazon.com)
When you need inspiration and guidance to get started, this easy cookbook has easy recipes you’ll love.
Immerse yourself in Mediterranean style with these highly rated kebabs, which you can grill or roast meat and vegetables on.
Serve all your delicious grilled vegetables and meats on this stylish, summery platter.
Or make a complete mezze for family or guests with these trays inspired by the Hamsa symbol for protection.
Remember, it’s not just about what you eat, it’s also about how you treat yourself overall. Ciccolini says, “Just as important as food is lifestyle, enjoying meals with others and staying physically active.”
“The beauty of the Mediterranean diet is that it’s flexible and easy to follow,” says Schmidt. “A pressure cooker and slow cooker can help prepare stews, legumes and grains with less effort.” With just a few kitchen essentials, you can start preparing Mediterranean dishes right away.
This highly practical stove can prepare healthy meals in 70% of the time of other cooking methods.
Crock-Pot 6-Quart Cook & Carry Programmable Slow Cooker ($69.99, originally $79.99; amazon.com)
Set it and forget it (until dinner time) with this handy slow cooker.
Lodge Preseasoned Cast Iron Skillet with Assist Handle Holder ($29.90; amazon.com)
Schmidt also points out that “a cast-iron skillet can be helpful when preparing a one-pan meal.” If you can’t snag your grandma’s old cast iron skillet, this pre-treated skillet is the next best thing.
Powerful enough to seriously sear your fish, this highly rated cast iron is another excellent choice for your healthy journey.
“I recommend getting a good set of knives and a cutting board if possible—you’ll be cutting a lot with whole foods!” says Ciccolini. With this premium set you can cut vegetables like a pro!
Here’s another set from the chef’s favorite brand, made up of seven pieces and a wooden block with 15 slots.
This set of knives is our pick for the best of 2021 thanks to its sturdy construction, ease of use and superb execution.
Keep your knives sharp with this gourmet sharpening set that comes with three different stones.
This sturdy and attractive board makes it easy to stick to your new eating plan. Looking for more cutting boards? Check out our favorites of 2021.
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