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Bajra: Benefits, Uses, and Nutrition

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Bajra is a traditional Hindi name for the plant Pennisetum glaucum – also known as pearl millet.

It is also known as dukn, cumbu, gero, sanio, kambu, babala, or rush millet (1).

The grain is mainly grown in Africa and India, where it is an important source of food. However, it is also grown and consumed in many other places around the world.

Bajra refers to the edible seeds of pearl millet. They grow in various shades of white, yellow, gray, brown, and blue-purple.

The seeds are typically cooked as a cereal grain, or sometimes finely ground and used as flour.

This article provides a general overview of Bajra and its health benefits.

Bajra pearl millet is just one of many types of millet. Some other popular types of millet are fonio, finger millet (ragi), job’s tears, foxtail, and kodo millet.

Most millets have impressive nutritional profiles, including Bajra (2).

Here is the average nutritional profile of 1 cup (170 grams) of cooked millet (3):

  • Calories: 201
  • Protein: 6 grams
  • Fat: 1.7 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 40 grams
  • Fiber: 2 grams
  • Sodium: 286 mg
  • Folate: 8% of the daily value (DV)
  • Iron: 6% of the DV
  • Magnesium: 18% of the DV
  • Thiamine: 15% of the DV
  • Niacin: 14% of the DV
  • Phosphorus: 14% of the DV
  • Zinc: 14% of the DV
  • Riboflavin: 11% of the DV
  • Vitamin B6: 11% of the DV

In general, cooked millet is a good source of protein and carbohydrates, and a decent source of fiber. It’s also a good source of vitamins and minerals. Overall, millet is a nutritious source of carbohydrates. (2, 4)

It’s also gluten-free and a suitable choice for people with celiac disease or those on a gluten-free diet – as long as you make sure you buy a certified gluten-free product (4).

Bajra is rich in beneficial plant chemicals such as antioxidants, polyphenols, and phytochemicals, all of which are known to contribute in many ways to optimal human health (5).

However, the presence of beneficial polyphenols can also prevent some of the minerals in Bajra, such as iron and zinc, from being fully absorbed by your body (6, 7).

SUMMARY

Like most millets, Bajra is a nutrient-rich source of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and beneficial plant chemicals.

Similar to some other grains, Bajra has been linked to significant health benefits simply because of its status as a whole grain food.

Regular consumption of whole grains like Bajra can help prevent chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and certain types of cancer (8, 9, 10).

Still, eating Bajra can also offer more specific health benefits.

Can help you lose weight

When trying to lose weight, adding low-calorie whole grains like Bajra to your diet can be beneficial.

The calorie density of a food measures its calorie content relative to its weight (in grams) or its volume (in ml).

For example, a food with 100 calories per 100 gram serving would have a calorie density of 1. A food with 400 calories per 100 gram serving would have a calorie density of 4.

Low calorie foods will help you feel full, but you will have fewer calories. Foods with a calorie density greater than 2.3 are generally considered high (11).

Bajra has a calorie density of 1.2. For example, low-calorie foods like Bajra can help you lose weight (11, 12, 13).

Can be a great choice for people with diabetes

Overall, most millet varieties are considered a good grain choice for people with diabetes.

High-fiber foods, particularly grain fibers like Bajra, have also been linked to improved outcomes in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and other chronic conditions (14).

In addition, millet has a lower glycemic index (GI) than some refined grain products like white rice and white bread. In addition, some new animal and human research has found that millet proteins may help improve blood sugar levels (2, 4, 15, 16).

On average, most millet varieties have a GI value of 43–68. Foods with a GI score of 55 or below are typically considered low (2).

The GI is a measure of how much certain foods affect blood sugar levels. Foods with a lower glycemic index are usually better choices for people with diabetes (17).

In some cases, glycemic load (GL) can be a better measure of how a food affects blood sugar levels. The GL differs from the GI in that it also takes into account the typical portion size of a foodstuff. A GL of 10 or less is considered low, while an GL of 20 or more is considered high.

One study found that millet flakes have a GL of 9.2, which means they have a low GL (18).

However, Bajra has not been specifically used in some studies supporting these claims, and the use of both GI and GL in the treatment of diabetes is controversial. Therefore, more research is needed to understand exactly how millet affects blood sugar levels (19).

Contains nutrients that can support healthy hair, skin and nails

You may have heard that bajra is good for your hair, but millet itself hasn’t been studied as a hair treatment.

However, Bajra is a good source of many nutrients known to contribute to healthy hair, skin, and nails, including (20, 21, 22):

  • protein
  • Vitamin B6
  • niacin
  • Folate
  • iron
  • zinc

Regularly consuming Bajra as part of your diet can help prevent deficiencies in these nutrients.

However, due to a lack of research, it cannot currently be said that Bajra and other millets directly improve the health of hair, skin or nails.

SUMMARY

Some of the potential health benefits associated with consuming Bajra regularly include weight loss, improved diabetes management, and increased absorption of nutrients that support healthy hair, nails, and skin.

Bajra is a versatile ingredient that can be used in many dishes as a substitute for rice, quinoa, oats, and other grains.

To make Bajra, simply bring 1 cup (170 grams) of millet and 2 cups (473 ml) of water or broth to a boil. Next, reduce it to a simmer and let cook for about 15 minutes. This method should result in a light, fluffy grain.

If you want your Bajra to be more like a porridge, you can add up to 1 additional cup (237 ml) of water, dairy, or broth. You can also toast the dry millet for a few minutes before adding the liquid to give the grain a rich, nutty flavor.

Before cooking, Bajra can be soaked in water or a lactobacillus-rich dairy like buttermilk or kefir for hours or even days. Fermenting millet and millet flour is common in Africa and Asia. Not only does it affect its taste and flavor, but it likely also affects its nutritional content (23, 24).

One study found that pearl millet flour fermented and frozen for 2 days showed a 30% increase in the levels of some phenolic compounds. Phenolic compounds are chemicals found in plants that help your body respond to aging, inflammation, and chronic illness (23, 25).

Although research on this topic is limited, some studies suggest that soaking or sprouting millet before consuming it, as well as processing the grain initially, affects the accessibility of some of its nutrients, such as iron, zinc, calcium, and antioxidants. , 26, 27).

Other ways to Bajra. to eat

Bajra is usually ground into a fine flour that can be used to make roti and other types of flatbreads.

Bajra flour isn’t just limited to flatbreads, however. It can also be used to make cakes and pasta, or as a substitute for other types of flour in many recipes.

Another way to enjoy Bajra is to have a puffed millet snack, similar to popcorn. You can buy prepuffed millet snacks or pop millet yourself at home. Puffed Bajra can be eaten alone or used to make sweet or savory snack bars.

To pop millet, add 1 cup (170 grams) of Bajra to a dry pan. Set the heat to medium to low and let the millet sit for a few minutes. Once it’s golden brown, stir it gently, then let it sit for a few more minutes until all of the kernels have popped and risen.

Finding real Bajra pearl millet can be difficult, but you can check online or at local specialty stores that stock products from Africa, Asia, and especially India. Bajra flour ground from pearl millet may be more readily available.

Buy Bajra Flour online.

SUMMARY

Similar to many other cereal grains, Bajra is usually cooked, although it can also be consumed as a flour or puffed cereal snack.

Overall, consuming moderate amounts of Bajra is considered safe for most people. Since it is a gluten-free grain, even people with celiac disease can get it as long as they are sure there is no cross-contamination with other gluten-containing grains.

One concern you may hear about Bajra and other millets is that they contain antinutrients. Antinutrients are compounds in certain foods that can block or inhibit the absorption of other beneficial nutrients.

Some research suggests that Bajra contains phytates, oxalates, and possibly other anti-nutrients that could interfere with the absorption of iron, zinc, phosphorus, and other micronutrients that are ingested in the same meal (24, 28, 29).

Again, some studies suggest that fermenting or sprouting millet before consumption, along with processing it, affects its antinutrient content and the absorption of some of its micronutrients and antioxidants (24, 26, 27, 29).

It is important to note, however, that the benefits of consuming nutrient-rich foods that also contain some anti-nutrients usually outweigh the disadvantages of not eating those nutrient-rich foods.

Additionally, soaking, fermenting, or pouring out millet can reduce its antinutrient levels (30).

SUMMARY

Although Bajra contains some antinutrients that inhibit the absorption of other vitamins and minerals, the cereal is safe for most people, including those on a gluten-free diet.

Bajra is a type of pearl millet that is mainly grown in Africa and India, although it is consumed worldwide.

The gluten-free grain is low in calories but full of healthy nutrients that can contribute to weight loss, improved blood sugar levels, and other health benefits.

Regular consumption of Bajra is associated with few risks and the grain is very versatile as a cooking ingredient. However, real Bajra pearl millet can be difficult to find in some areas.

Once you have access to Bajra, try replacing quinoa or rice with quinoa or rice in your favorite grain-based dishes to experiment with this nutritious grain.

Recipes with Whole Wheat Pasta

Guiding the way to thrive

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Jan Juc naturopath Rebecca Winkler has always found joy in the practice of cooking nourishing meals for others.

That pastime spilled over into developing recipes and it was during lockdown that her culinary passion led her to become a qualified plant-based chef and a raw dessert chef.

Now the mum-of-two has expertly thrown all of her skills into the mix to achieve a long-held goal of producing a book.

Released as an eBook, with a print version to hopefully follow, 14 Day Whole Food Feast is a comprehensive two-week meal plan designed to nourish the body and delight the tastebuds.

Within its pages are recipes for whole food snacks, lunch and dinner meals, lunchbox ideas, and time-saving tips.

14 Day Whole Food Feast by Rebecca Winkler is available now as an eBook.

“My motivation was both personal and professional,” Rebecca says.

“On a professional note, I found so many patients were having difficulty finding family-friendly, whole food recipes to help them navigate various dietary needs.

“The recipes are easy to follow, a shopping list is provided and time frames are taken into account so slower cooked meals or more time-consuming recipes are saved for weekends.”

Rebecca says the eBook can function purely as a recipe resource or be followed meticulously for a 14-day reset.

“Food prep guidance is given at the start of each week in order to get ahead and be organized as possible.

The eBook includes lunch, dinner and snack ideas, as well as shopping lists and naturopathic advice.

“Dinners are often incorporated into leftovers for lunch the next day and naturopathic guidance is provided around ways to maximize your time by incorporating regular exercise and practicing self-care.”

The idea for the book began to brew in 2019 during a solo trip Rebecca took with colleagues which gave her the space to establish a clear vision for the content she wanted to share.

“I began developing and refining recipe, enlisting a beautiful photographer and graphics team to allow my dream to be realised.

“The long-term plan is to release a number of other eBooks and, eventually, print a hard copy, real-life book to be loved and to splash your chocolate and bolognaise sauce on. The kind of recipe book that you find yourself grabbing time and time again.”

The eBook is filled with nutritious recipes and much more.

So, what are some of Rebecca’s personal favorites featured in her carefully curated eBook?

“Ooh, that’s like trying to choose a favorite child,” she laughs.

“I know it might seem boring, but the slow-cooked bolognaise with hand-made gluten-free fettucine is an absolute favourite.
“We make it weekly in my house and every time my kids exclaim ‘this is the best bolognaise ever’.”

The slow cooked beef pie, kafir lime chicken balls and whole food cranberry bliss balls are also hard to pass up, she says.

Rebecca avoids listing ideal ingredients for people to incorporate into their diet, instead saying the most beneficial ingredients are those that make you feel at your best.

“Not everyone tolerates grains, some don’t tolerate fruit, others have difficulty digesting meat and protein.

“My advice is to listen and take note of how your body feels when you eat.

“Are you bloated, do you have pain in your gut, loose stools, headaches or fatigue?

Rebecca is a qualified naturopath, as well as being a plant-based chef and raw dessert chef.

“I am more inclined to advise people to source good quality ingredients, grow what they can, and cook from scratch as much as time and money allows.

“Eat three meals a day and snack only if you are hungry, growing, pregnant or exercising.

“Try to consume 30-35ml of water per kg of body weight. Add plenty of vegetables, fresh herbs, variety and colour.

“Our gut flora thrives on variety, so mix up your veggies, fruits, grain, legumes and proteins. Eat the rainbow.”

To get the most out of the eBook, the author suggests reading it from cover-to-cover and choosing a 14-day period where you are at home and have minimal social engagements.

Rebecca is passionate about naturopathy which she describes as a holistic, comprehensive view of the body in its entirety and “a wonderful adjunct to Western Medicine for patients as it ensures medical due diligence is exercised, adequate diagnostic testing where appropriate and an individualized approach to restoring health”.

Rebecca’s advice is to “eat the rainbow” when it comes to healthy food choices.

She says many of her clients are seeking ways to regain optimal health following extended periods of lockdown during the pandemic.

“There is no doubt that most of us found ourselves allowing more in alcohol and comfort foods over lockdown, which is nothing to feel ashamed about.

“In such a difficult, confining and overwhelming time, we sought comfort where ever it may lie for us.

“This is not a failure, it was merely a way for so many to cope. I never judge anyone’s choices, I merely try to support, understand and listen.

“Often we already know what we need to do to rebuild or move forward, simply sharing and being heard without shame or judgment is therapeutic.

“I cannot describe to you the genuine joy that seeing people thrive provides.”

14 Day Whole Food Feast retails for $19.95 and on the Rebecca Winkler website. Discover more and contact Rebecca via her Facebook page, Instagram @rebeccawinklernaturopath or email [email protected]

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Get to know farro and other superfood whole grains

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By Casey Barber, CNN

Quinoa has reached a level of superfood status not seen since the great kale takeover of the aughts. Equally embraced and mocked in pop culture, it’s become the symbol of the grain bowl generation. It’s not the only whole grain that’s worth bringing to the table, however.

The world of whole grains is wide, and if quinoa and brown rice have been the only grains on your plate, it’s time to expand your palate. Here’s an introduction to whole grains, along with tips for cooking and enjoying them.

What’s a whole grain?

The term “whole grains” encompasses all grains and seeds that are, well, whole. They retain all their edible parts: the fiber-rich outer bran layer; the carbohydrate-rich endosperm center, which makes up the bulk of the grain itself; and the inner core, or germ, which is packed with vitamins, protein and healthy fats.

On the other hand, refined grains such as white rice and all-purpose flour have been milled to remove the bran and germ, stripping away much of the fiber, protein and vitamins, and leaving only the starchy endosperm.

“A lot of people don’t realize that whole grains contain several grams of protein in addition to vitamins and antioxidants,” said Nikita Kapur, a registered dietitian nutritionist in New York City. With every serving of whole grains, “you get a ton of minerals, B vitamins and fiber, which is especially important for good health.”

So-called “ancient grains” fall under the umbrella of whole grains, though the phrase is more of a marketing term than a marker of a more nutritious option. Ancient grains refer to whole grains like millet, amaranth, kamut and, yes, quinoa that have been the staple foods of cultures for several hundred years. They are not hybridized or selectively bred varieties of grains, like most modern wheat, rice and corn.

And though quinoa has gotten all the press as a whole grain superfood, there’s good reason to try others. Trying a variety of whole grains isn’t just a way to mix up your same-old side dish routine. It’s also a chance to get a wider portfolio of minerals and more into your diet.

“Suffice to say, we need to have a more diverse plant-based diet” to get the full complement of recommended nutrients in our meals, Kapur said, “and we can’t get it from the same 10 or 20 foods.

“One grain might have more manganese, another more zinc or magnesium, and another more protein,” she added. “Try one as a pasta, one as a porridge — you do you, as long as there’s a variety.”

Familiar foods like oats, corn, brown and other colors of rice, as well as wild rice (which is an aquatic grass), are all considered whole grains, but there are many others you’ll want to add to your regular repertoire.

Some whole grains to get to know

amaranth is a tiny gluten-free grain that can be simmered until soft for a creamy polenta-like dish, but it also makes a deliciously crunchy addition to homemade energy bars or yogurt bowls when it’s been toasted. To toast amaranth seeds, cook over medium heat in a dry pan, shaking frequently until they begin to pop like minuscule popcorn kernels.

Buckwheat is gluten-free and botanically related to rhubarb, but these polygonal seeds (also called groats) don’t taste anything like fruit. You might already be familiar with buckwheat flour, used in pancakes and soba noodles, or Eastern European kasha, which is simply toasted buckwheat.

Faro is the overarching Italian name for three forms of ancient wheat: farro piccolo, or einkorn; farro medio, or emmer; and farro grande, or spelled. The farro you typically find at the store is the emmer variety, and it’s a rustic, pumped-up wheat berry that’s ideal as a grain bowl base. Or make an Italian-inspired creamy Parmesan farro risotto.

Freekeh is a wheat variety that’s harvested when unripe, then roasted for a surprisingly smoky, nutty flavor and chewy texture. Freekeh’s taste is distinctive enough that it steals the spotlight in your meals, so use it in ways that highlight its flavor. It’s fantastic in a vegetarian burrito bowl paired with spicy salsa, or in a warming chicken stew.

kamut is actually the trademarked brand name for an ancient type of wheat called Khorasan, which features large grains, a mild taste and tender texture. It’s a good, neutral substitute for brown rice in a pilaf or as a side dish. Or try this high-protein grain in a salad with bold flavors like arugula, blood orange and walnut.

millet is a gluten-free seed with a cooked texture similar to couscous. Teff is a small variety of millet that’s most frequently used as the flour base for Ethiopian injera flatbread. Try raw millet mixed into batters and doughs for a bit of crunch, like in this millet skillet cornbread recipe, or use either teff or millet cooked in a breakfast porridge.

How to cook any whole grain

While cooking times vary for each grain, there’s one way to cook any whole grain, whether it’s a tiny seed or a large, chewy kernel: Boil the grains like pasta.

Bring a large pot of water to a boil and add a handful of kosher salt. Add the grains and cook, tasting as you go, until tender. Small grains like amaranth and quinoa can cook fully in five to 15 minutes, while larger grains like farro and wild rice can take anywhere from 30 minutes to one hour — so keep an eye on your pot and check it frequently.

Drain well in a mesh strainer (to catch all those small grains) and either use immediately or allow to cool slightly, then refrigerate for later meals. Cooked whole grains can also be portioned, frozen and stored in airtight bags for up to six months.

If you want to cook your whole grains in an Instant Pot or other multicooker, this chart offers grain-to-water ratios for many of the grains mentioned here.

The CNN Wire
™ & © 2021 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.

Casey Barber is a food writer, illustrator and photographer; the author of “Pierogi Love: New Takes on an Old-World Comfort Food” and “Classic Snacks Made from Scratch: 70 Homemade Versions of Your Favorite Brand-Name Treats”; and editor of the website Good. foods Stories.

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Travel: A quaint county seat with Mayberry charm | Lifestyles – Travel

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I finally ventured out for my first road trip of 2022 earlier this month. It’s been way too long since I took a little trip and it was long overdue. My last little getaway was in Chicago the week of Christmas. The day I returned I wasn’t feeling very well and an at-home test confirmed that I had COVID — again.

The first time was in November 2020 and it was a severe case that landed me in the hospital with pneumonia and difficulty breathing and then many months of recovery. Luckily this time around it just lasted a couple of weeks. At the same time I was pushing through COVID we were in the process of moving. And my Dad, who had tested positive for COVID not long before me, passed away. So, it’s been a heck of a start to 2022. A getaway was much needed.

It was a brief 24 hours in the Indianapolis area, but as always I packed a bit in and had a lot of good food. On our way down we stopped off in Rensselaer for lunch at Fenwick Farms Brewing Co. and took a little walk to check out the murals that are part of the Ren Art Walk. That evening I attended a media opening of the newly reopened Dinosphere exhibit at the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis.

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It’s a place I adore and still enjoy visiting even though my kids are teenagers and young adults now. I love being greeted by the huge Bumblebee character on the way in from what is probably my favorite action move, “The Transformers.” The largest children’s museum in the world has so much to see and I’ve loved having the chance to explore it both with and without my kids.

After the event it was a quick overnight at Staybridge Suites in Plainfield, and in the morning we headed to Danville. Danville is the county seat of Hendricks County. I adore county seats with downtown squares and this is one of my favorites. On an earlier visit there we were in town for the Mayberry in the Midwest festival, which had lots of activities related to the classic TV show “The Andy Griffith Show” that was set in the fictional town of Mayberry.

Danville definitely has that charming, inviting, friendly small town vibe that feels like it could be a sitcom setting. We ate at the Mayberry Cafe where old episodes play on television screens and the menu is full of down-home, made-with-love comfort foods, with a specialty being “Aunt Bee’s Famous Fried Chicken.” I tried it and it was very tasty. The whole place made me smile like Opie after a fishing outing with his dad.

This time our dining destination was The Bread Basket. I had tried their desserts at a few events, but it was my first time dining in. It’s located in a house that was built for the president of Central Normal College in 1914 and is cute and cozy. It’s a breakfast and lunch spot, so plan to go early and be prepared for a wait during peak times (but it’s well worth it).

My Dilly Turkey Sandwich on fresh wheat nut bread with an Orchard Salad was delicious. I loved that they had a combo option where you could pick a half sandwich and half salad or cup of soup. But the desserts are the real star here. I stared at that dessert case for several minutes — and I wasn’t the only one.

I was seated next to it, and watched intently each time they removed a pie or cake from the case to cut a slice. I tried the Hummingbird Cake, which was a perfect treat without being too rich, and then noticed another that was so unique I had to get a slice to take home — the Blackberry Wine Chocolate Cake. If you go there and are overwhelmed with choices, go with this. You won’t regret it.

After lunch, we made our way over to the Hendricks County Historical Museum & Old County Jail, which is just off the square. For someone like me who loves history, this was a wonderful stop to incorporate into our day. It was built in 1866 and used as a jail all the way up until 1974. You can go into the old jail cells (two on the female side and four on the male side) and tour the sheriff’s home.

An exhibit has information and artifacts from when Central Normal College existed (later Canterbury College). There’s also a temporary chronological exhibit about music and musicians, featuring many Hoosier hitmakers.

After the visit, I took a breezy little walk around the square, where I was reminded that there is a nostalgic old movie theater. The historic Danville Royal Theater dates back to the early 1900s and shows current movies for just $5 a ticket.

It was then getting close to dinner time, so we decided to eat before we headed back home. A place in the nearby town of North Salem had been recommend to me and I am so glad we took time to visit. I chatted for a few minutes with Damiano Perillo, owner of Perillo’s Pizzeria. He’s a native of Palermo, the capital of Sicily. The food is authentic and almost all of it is made fresh daily, including their garlic rolls, marinara and alfredo sauces. The New York-style pizzas are perfection.

They even have a nearby garden where they grow many of the fresh vegetables and herbs used in their dishes. They have gluten free pastas, too, and the lady at the next table had some and was raving about it. We also tried the homemade Sicilian cannoli and the limoncello flute, and trust me when I say to definitely not skip dessert.

There was one last food stop. Although we had just eaten, I realized we’d be driving right by Rusted Silo Southern BBQ & Brewhouse in Lizton and just couldn’t pass it up. I made my husband pull in and pick up some food to go. We got the brisket and their house made pimento cheese, chorizo ​​and kielbasa and took it home. I was introduced to it last fall and there is a reason they have been voted Best BBQ in the Indy area four years in a row. I loved hearing about how this eatery located next to a railroad literally stops trains in their tracks to get food from this award-winning BBQ joint.

All three of these places — The Bread Basket, Perillo’s Pizzeria and Rusted Silo are ones that you should absolutely include in your itinerary if you happen to be in the Indianapolis area.

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