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High cholesterol in children: Causes, treatment, and more

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People often view high cholesterol as a condition that only affects adults. However, high cholesterol can cause problems in children too, including heart disease and even stroke.

Cholesterol is a fatty substance that comes from a person’s liver. It is also found in certain foods. The body uses cholesterol to make cells, vitamins, and hormones.

However, high cholesterol can cause problems for people of all ages.

There are two main forms of cholesterol. The first low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, which doctors call “bad” cholesterol, can build up on the walls of the arteries and cause blockages.

The other primary type, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, known as “good” cholesterol, helps carry LDL cholesterol away from the arteries.

It is important for all individuals to make sure they have healthy cholesterol levels. This article looks at what causes high cholesterol in children, what symptoms they experience, and what treatment options are available.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), one in five teenagers has high cholesterol.

The following table provides information from the AHA on cholesterol levels in children and adolescents aged 0-19 years.

Health professionals measure blood cholesterol using milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL).

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) states that children 2 years and older with high cholesterol risk factors should have their cholesterol tested. These risk factors include:

  • a family history of early heart disease that is 55 years or younger in men and 65 or younger in women
  • have a parent who has high cholesterol
  • obesity
  • diabetes

Additionally, the NHLBI recommends that a child have their cholesterol tested between the ages of 9 and 11 years. They should then be screened for cholesterol every 5 years or earlier, depending on certain risk factors.

There are several reasons a child may have high cholesterol, such as: B. Diet or certain health conditions.

diet

Saturated and trans fats are types of fat in certain foods. These types of fats can cause the liver to produce more cholesterol than the body needs.

When a child’s diet contains high amounts of saturated fat and trans fats, it can lead to high cholesterol levels.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say obesity in children can also lead to high cholesterol and blood pressure levels.

Foods that contain saturated or trans fats include:

  • high fat cheese
  • fatty meat
  • Full fat milk and cream
  • butter
  • Ice cream
  • Palm and coconut oils
  • processed goods such as cookies, potato chips, and fried foods

To maintain a nutritious diet, the AHA recommends that a child get a total fat intake of 30 to 35% of their daily calories by the age of 2 to 3 years. The organization also suggests that children ages 4 to 18 get 25 to 35% fat from their daily calories.

diabetes

A child who lives with diabetes may be at an increased risk of developing high cholesterol.

Diabetes can cause a condition called diabetic dyslipidemia, which lowers HDL levels and increases LDL levels.

A 2016 study found that 26.2% of 202 children with diabetes had dyslipidemia. However, more research is needed to determine the incidence of the disease in children with diabetes in the United States.

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a condition in which deposits of fat called plaques build up in a person’s arteries. Badge consists of:

  • cholesterol
  • fatty substances
  • Cell waste
  • calcium
  • Fibrin, a blood clotting agent

The exact cause of atherosclerosis is unknown, although doctors believe it develops in childhood.

While children are unlikely to cause problems, atherosclerosis can cause health complications if it progresses into adulthood.

Familial hypercholesterolemia

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder that can lead to high cholesterol levels. According to the FH Foundation, the disease affects 1 in 250 people worldwide.

FH causes high levels of LDL cholesterol due to a mutation in a gene that is responsible for removing cholesterol from the body. When the body cannot properly remove cholesterol, it can build up in the arteries and lead to atherosclerosis.

The condition is genetic – a person with FH has a 50% chance of passing it on to their children.

According to the National Library of Medicine, children typically don’t have symptoms of high cholesterol. A child should have their cholesterol checked routinely, especially if they have risk factors.

High cholesterol can put a child at risk of developing the following diseases:

  • Heart disease
  • stroke
  • Heart attack
  • chronic kidney disease

There is little information available about treating high cholesterol in children. However, the Society’s Guidelines for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions suggest the following lifestyle changes:

  • eat more fruits and vegetables
  • Use vegetable oils and soft margarine instead of butter or animal fat
  • Replacing refined cereal bread and cereals with whole grain substitutes
  • Reducing your intake of sugary foods and beverages
  • with low-fat or non-fat milk
  • eat more fish and lean cuts of meat
  • Removing skin from poultry
  • Reducing salt intake
  • Get to know a balanced diet and suitable portion sizes
  • Exercise for about 60 minutes a day

Additionally, to reduce the likelihood of children developing high cholesterol, the AHA recommends that parents or caregivers take the following steps:

  • Discourage cigarette smoking
  • Promote regular exercise
  • Know how to detect and treat high blood pressure
  • helping a child maintain a moderate weight
  • Promote a healthy diet
  • know the symptoms of diabetes

In addition, statins, a form of cholesterol-lowering medication, can be beneficial in treating high cholesterol in children. Research from 2019 found that statins could be a safe short-term treatment for children with FH. However, scientists have yet to determine the long-term effects of statins in children.

A parent or caregiver should ensure that they take their child with them for a routine cholesterol check. Generally, there are no symptoms of high cholesterol in children, so frequent testing is essential.

If a parent or guardian notices any of the following symptoms of heart problems in a child, they should see their doctor:

With babies

  • Do not eat
  • not gain weight
  • heavy sweating
  • rapid breathing

In infants

  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • abnormal heart rhythm
  • faint
  • physically unable to keep up with other children

In older children

  • abnormal heartbeat
  • Passed out during exercise
  • excessive shortness of breath

High cholesterol can affect people of all ages. In children, this may be due to diet or various health conditions.

Since children do not usually experience symptoms of high cholesterol, their levels should be tested every 5 years or more, depending on risk factors and a doctor’s recommendations. Children with risk factors for high cholesterol can have their cholesterol tested from the age of 2 years.

Treatments for high cholesterol in children usually involve lifestyle changes. However, there are short-term cholesterol lowering drugs.

If a person notices signs of heart problems in their child, they should see a doctor.

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DVIDS – News – Fit for 2022: Commissaries offer plenty of tips, ideas, resources to help patrons improve their health and wellness

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By Kathy Milley, DeCA Public Affairs Specialist

FORT LEE, Va. – The new year is always an exciting time for reflection and recommitment, especially when it comes to wellness. Whatever your health goals for 2022, the Commissary is here to guide you in the right direction with tips, ideas and resources to improve nutrition.

“The health and well-being of our guests is our number one priority, so it’s vitally important to us, too,” said Bonita Moffett, Defense Commissary Agency Sales Manager. We work diligently to offer our customers the right mix of products and resources to support their wellness goals while saving big at checkout.”

According to Deborah Harris, DeCA’s Dietitian and Health and Wellness Program Manager (who holds a Masters of Public Health degree and is a Registered Dietitian and Certified Diabetes Care and Education Specialist), the officer strives for when he commits to a healthier lifestyle and Wellness Goals Keep customers engaged by offering easily identifiable, high-performing foods and easy-to-use, quick meal solutions and wellness resources.

• Dietitian Approved Thumb (DAT): The “Thumbs Up Dietitian Approved” labels on shelves make it easier for shoppers to quickly identify foods with high nutritional value that they can incorporate into healthy eating habits. DAT uses unique software that analyzes and identifies products in most commercial food categories based on up to 86 FDA-defined health attributes. Attributes analyzed vary by food category, but identify dietitian-approved foods that limit added sugars, sodium, and unhealthy fats while containing whole grains, healthy fats, fiber, or lean protein, as well as items that qualify as USDA organic . Once these products are identified, they are marked on consignment shelves with a “Thumbs Up – Dietician Approved” label.

• Thinking Outside the Box Recipes: Preparing nutritious food at home doesn’t have to be difficult or expensive. With “Thinking Outside the Box” recipes, Your Commissary continually offers meal solutions that are quick, healthy and economical, using ingredients that are normally offered to our customers at greater savings. Recipes are always available on commissaries.com under the Healthy Living tab. This library includes quick and easy, nutritionist-approved recipes for appetizers, entrees, salads, sides, and even desserts.

• Commissary CLICK2GO: Use Commissary CLICK2GO, the Commissary’s online ordering service, to instantly add the ingredients of your favorite nutritionist-approved recipe to your virtual shopping cart. With your Commissary CLICK2GO order on Commissaries.com, click on the recipe link (https://shop.commissaries.com/recipes), select the recipe you would like to add to your meal plan for the week and click simply click “Add to Cart” next to each of the ingredients you need to prepare the meal. Preparing nutritious food at home has never been easier.

• Gas Stations: Dietitian-approved gas stations, located near the front checkout aisles at over 170 food service establishments, offer convenient, tasty, nutritious meals and snacks to give customers the convenience they need without the high calories or high cost of a fast food restaurant meal. Customers can expect to see products that offer protein, healthy fat, complex carbohydrates, and a low-calorie form of hydration, such as low-calorie water and sports drinks, deli sandwiches, one-serving hummus, ready-made lean protein, fruit and cheese, no-sugar-added yogurt, Low sugar protein bars or prepared sliced ​​fruits and salads.

• Quick Homemade Meals: Don’t let a lack of time prevent guests from preparing nutritious home-cooked meals. DeCA has created a list of no-fuss entrees (https://commissaries.com/sites/default/files/2019-09/no_fuss_entrees.pdf) selected from the many nutritionist-approved “Thinking Outside the Box” (https://). became. /www.commissaries.com/healthy-living/healthy-eats) Recipes featured on commissaries.com. The list is designed to minimize prep time with quick and easy meal solutions featuring ingredients that will save groceries money. It includes links to recipes for quick preparation using a slow cooker, microwave or pressure cooker; Prepared frozen meals; One-skill meals and entrees with prepared protein like fried chicken and canned tuna.

• Meal Planning: To make meal planning easier, DeCA has created two nutritionist-approved dinner menu plans, including weekly grocery lists, each for an entire month of family meals. These monthly meal plans are available on commissaries.com at these links: Meal Plan #1 (https://www.commissaries.com/sites/default/files/2021-02/nutrition-month-calendar-2b.pdf) and Meal Plan #2 (https://www.commissaries.com/sites/default/files/2021-09/Meal-plan-calendar-with-links.pdf). Choose your preferred plan and simply print out the grocery list for the week, add breakfast and lunch items and your grocery list is ready. You have everything you need for the week. If you want to create your own menu plan tailored to your family’s preferences, use our easy-to-follow planning guide, the Dietitian Approved Menu Planner (https://www.commissaries.com/sites/default/files/ 2019-02 /Dietititan_Approved_Menu_Planner.pdf) and the Weekly Meal Plan Worksheet (https://commissaries.com/sites/default/files/2020-06/Weekly_Meal_Plan_Worksheet.pdf).

“Make fruits and vegetables your favorite snack, experiment with nutritious substitutes like cauliflower rice and zucchini noodles for starchy rice or pasta, or try a new fruit or vegetable each month,” Harris said. “All of these ideas, coupled with our programs that identify high-performing foods, our easy-to-use quick meal solutions, and our many wellness resources, give our customers a head start in achieving their wellness goals while stretching their grocery dollar.”
-DeCA-

About DeCA: The Defense Commissary Agency operates a global chain of commissioners that provide military members, retirees and their families with groceries in a safe shopping environment. Commissioners offer a military advantage and save authorized customers thousands of dollars annually on their purchases compared to similar products at commercial retailers. The reduced prices include a 5% surcharge to cover the cost of new construction and modernization of existing police stations. As a central element of military family support and a valuable part of military salaries and benefits, commissioners contribute to family preparedness, improve the quality of life for the American military and their families, and help recruit the best and brightest men and women for service and to hold country.

Date of recording: 01/20/2022
Release Date: 01/20/2022 17:04
Story ID: 413176
Location: FORT LEE, VA, USA
Web Views: 10
Download: 1

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Hy-Vee HealthMarket Picks and Heart Health

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DAVENPORT, Iowa (KWQC) — Nutritionist Katie Schaeffer of Hy-Vee shares HealthMarket products and a healthy mango salsa!

Top 5 HealthMarket Products

· Food For Life Ezekiel Sprouted Grain Bread

  • Food For Life Ezekiel Bread is made by combining six sprouted grains and legumes (wheat, barley, millet, lentils, soybeans and spelt) that together provide a complete protein. It is free from preservatives.
  • Sprouting grains can help improve digestibility, absorption of nutrients and antioxidants.
  • Each slice of bread contains 3 grams of fiber and 5 grams of protein. Both fiber and protein can help with satiety and support better blood sugar control.

Tumaros Carb Wise Wraps

  • Tumaros Carb Wise Whole Grain Wraps contain 60 calories, 13 grams of carbohydrates, 7 grams of fiber and 5 grams of protein.
  • The lower-calorie yet high-fiber combination is helpful for those trying to lose weight while staying fuller for longer.
  • They can be used for so much more than just packaging. Try them as breakfast burritos, sandwiches, enchiladas, tacos, and fajitas.

· Zevia® Zero Calorie Soda

  • Zevia® – Zero Sugar, Zero Calories and Naturally Sweetened
  • All Zevia® products are kosher, vegan and gluten-free
  • Zevia® drinks are sweetened with stevia leaf extract and contain no additives that many must avoid to manage their ailments.

Banza noodles

  • Banza noodles are made from chickpeas. Chickpeas have been shown to improve blood sugar control. Studies show that eating beans is correlated with a reduced risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
  • Banza is high in fiber and protein (5 grams of fiber and 11 grams of protein per serving). For those looking to go more plant-based, banza can be a helpful addition to a pasta that provides a good amount of protein. It provides 1.5 times more protein and 3 times more fiber than regular pasta.

· Avocado Oil by Chosen Foods

  • Chosen Foods Avocado Oil is 100% pure, naturally refined and always made from perfectly ripened avocados, which are a healthy source of fat.
  • Chosen Foods Avocado Oil is the workhorse of the kitchen. With its neutral flavor, avocado oil can be used in baking, marinades, dressing mixed leafy greens, and pasta salads — the possibilities are endless.
  • With avocado oil’s smoke point of 500°F, it can be used for any cooking purpose, from frying over high heat to grilling or baking.

Healthy You at the Health Fair 2022 – in person!!!

Do you want to start the new year off right? Attend our annual health fair to learn about your nutritionist’s favorite products, get your nutrition questions answered, and receive free samples, recipes, and coupons.

o Event date: Saturday, January 29, 12:00 p.m. – 2:00 p.m

o Locations:

  • Northgate Hy-Vee (1823 East Kimberly Street, Davenport, IA)
  • Devil Glenn Hy-Vee
  • Utica Ridge Hy-Vee
  • Milan Hy Vee
  • Rock Island Hy Vee

Mango Black Bean Salsa

Served 16

Everything you need:

1 medium mango, peeled, seeded and cut into ¾-inch cubes

1 (15 oz) can Hy-Vee black beans, drained and rinsed

1 cup frozen Hy-Vee Select super sweet corn, thawed

¼ cup diced red peppers

¼ cup finely chopped green onion

1 tbsp minced garlic

¼ cup coarsely chopped fresh parsley

3 tbsp fresh lime juice

Sp tsp Hy-Vee salt

¼ tsp ground cumin

Baked tortilla chips for serving

Everything you do:

In a medium-sized bowl, mix all the ingredients. Serve with baked tortilla chips.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

· READ NUTRIENT LABELS: Look for foods with 2 grams or less of saturated fat, 0 grams of trans fat, and less than 140 mg of sodium per serving. Choose foods with at least 5 grams of fiber per serving.

· ADD GOOD FATS TO YOUR BASKET: Unsaturated fats like nuts, olive oil, avocados, and salmon can reduce the amount of low-density (“bad”) lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the blood and lower the risk of heart disease.

· CHOOSE WHOLE GRAIN FOODS: Look for the word “whole grain” as the first item in the ingredients list instead of fortified flour or “multigrain”. Whole grains contain the whole grain and are a better source of fiber.

· BEWARE OF HELPFUL INGREDIENTS: Sodium and added sugars can go by many different names. Sodium can be referred to as monosodium glutamate (MSG); Sugar can be high fructose corn syrup, dextrose, or molasses.

LOOK FOR THE HEART TICKET: When you see the heart tick on a food label, it means the product has been certified by the American Heart Association to meet certain nutritional requirements.

  • Heart Check certified foods contain 10% or more of the daily requirement of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, protein or fiber. It has 1 gram or less saturated fat per serving, ½ gram or less trans fat per serving, and limits sodium (based on each food category).

Meet your metric screening

When: February 2022

What: Do you want to take control of your health? Come for a Free Biometric Screening with your Hy-Vee Nutritionist! Your dietitian will take a fingerstick blood sample, which is used to measure cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose levels. They will also measure resting blood pressure, weight and body fat percentage. Appointments will be made based on availability while stocks last! To enroll, visit www.hy-vee.com/health.

Where: Northgate Hy-Vee (1823 East Kimberly Road, Davenport, IA 52803) and Milan Hy-Vee

Copyright 2022 KWQC. All rights reserved.

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The Beef on Plant-Based Meat Alternatives

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Just look at the grocery store shelves and you will see a plethora of plant-based meat alternatives. As more people restrict animal products, companies are offering a wider variety of plant-based foods that mimic the taste of meat.

The non-meat eater population is growing, with 63% of respondents in a recent US consumer survey saying they are eating more plant-based foods. Specifically for plant-based meat alternatives, market research firm SPINS reported that dollar sales for plant-based meat increased 45% from 2019-2020.

People are turning to vegetarian options for many reasons, including environmental sustainability and animal welfare. Plant-based foods generally have a lower environmental impact while providing fiber and other nutrients that may help prevent some chronic diseases.

Research has shown that a greater intake of red and processed meat increases the risk of heart disease. A study of 20,000 people published in the journal European Society of Cardiology showed that people who ate more red meat had smaller heart chambers, poorer heart function and stiffer arteries.

On the other hand, research has linked a plant-based diet to lower cardiovascular risk.

“Everyone should follow a plant-based diet to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and certain cancers, and to diversify the bacteria in your gut microbiome,” says Kirsten Straughan, RD, director of the Nutritional Sciences program at the College of Applied Health Sciences University of Illinois Chicago.

If you’re looking to increase plant-based meat alternatives in your diet, you should know what to look for because not all are created equal.

Meat and plant-based diet

You know what you can get from whole plant-based foods — like an apple or a stalk of broccoli — but how healthy are plant-based meat alternatives?

The magic of food technology has transformed plant proteins from soybeans, peas, legumes, nuts, seeds, whole grains and mushrooms, or “mycoproteins,” into a variety of plant-based meat alternatives, from veggie burgers, sausages and hot dogs to fake chicken nuggets and fish fingers.

And just as animal meat is nutritionally different, not all plant-based meat alternatives are created equal.

Recent research in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics compared the nutritional quality of ground beef alternatives sold by major brands in the US and ground beef made from animal meat.

The plant-based ground beef alternatives tended to contain less saturated fat than ground beef, although levels varied. Some products in the study had as much saturated fat as ground beef.

The plant-based alternatives contained a moderate amount of fiber, which is underconsumed in the US. The results also showed that the plant-based alternatives were good sources of iron, manganese, copper, folic acid, and niacin. However, they contained fewer essential nutrients — protein, zinc and vitamin B12 — than ground beef.

Sodium levels were also higher in plant-based alternatives than animal meat, but salt is usually added to flavor ground beef during cooking.

Plant based diet

Just because products are plant-based doesn’t mean you can be sure you’re getting all the nutrients you need. Consider how these options fit into your broader diet.

“It’s the total diet that counts,” says Penny Kris-Etherton, PhD, RDN, professor of nutrition at Pennsylvania State University, who recently spoke about plant-based meats and reducing cardiovascular risk at the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics’ Food & Nutrition Conference & Exhibition.

“When you go plant-based, make sure you’re doing it right, because if you’re doing it wrong, you’re not doing yourself any good,” she says.

The food we eat, whether plant or animal, must be nutritionally adequate and in line with current dietary recommendations. “Our goal should be to achieve optimal nutritional quality, whether or not the diet contains animal protein,” says Kris-Etherton.

“Lean beef can provide many nutrients that are either under-absorbed or difficult to obtain,” she says. Lean beef provides protein, easily absorbed iron, zinc, magnesium, selenium, vitamin B12, phosphorus, as well as creatine for muscle growth and maintenance, the antioxidants taurine and glutathione, and conjugated linoleic acid, an important fatty acid.

“Lean beef can be incorporated into a healthy diet that meets all current nutritional recommendations for health promotion and disease prevention,” she says.

If you’re replacing animal meat in your diet, make sure you’re getting a nutritious substitute, says Straughan. “It’s important to read labels,” she says. “Even within brands, look at individual products, look for saturated fat from coconut oil, and look for fiber in the product.”

The bottom line is that eating less red and processed meat — and less animal products in general — can be good for your health, but it’s important to understand whether plant-based meat alternatives hit the nutritional mark for you.

Vicki is a Registered Dietitian, Lifestyle Nutritionist, Author, Culinary and Media Consultant and the author of two books.

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